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Food Act

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Issuer:Riigikogu
Type:act
In force from:17.01.2020
In force until: In force
Translation published:13.01.2020

Chapter 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS 

§ 1.  Scope of application of Act

 (1) This Act provides the grounds for handling food and raw material, the self-checking of an operator, and state supervision in order to ensure food safety and the compliance of food with other requirements. Where appropriate, the provisions of this Act also apply to the materials and articles specified in Article 1(2) of Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on materials and articles intended to come into contact with food and repealing Directives 80/590/EEC and 89/109/EEC (OJ L 338, 13.11.2004, pp. 4–17).

 (2) This Act does not apply to the activities intended for private domestic use or consumption provided for in Article 1(3) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 laying down the general principles and safety requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety (OJ L 031, 01.02.2002, pp. 1‑24). This Act also does not apply to the activities provided in Article 1(3) of such Regulation where such activities are performed with the purpose of teaching students in educational establishments or for teaching, developing or assisting persons staying in welfare institutions.

 (3) This Act does not apply to narcotic and psychotropic substances, tobacco, tobacco products and to the medicinal products specified in the Medicinal Products Act.

 (4) This Act applies to the handling of alcohol and water insofar as the handling of alcohol and water is not regulated by other legislation.

 (5) The provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act apply to the administrative proceedings laid down in the legislation of the European Union and in this Act, taking account of the specifications of Regulation (EU) 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council on official controls and other official activities performed to ensure the application of food and feed law, rules on animal health and welfare, plant health and plant protection products, amending Regulations (EC) No 999/2001, (EC) No 396/2005, (EC) No 1069/2009, (EC) No 1107/2009, (EU) No 1151/2012, (EU) No 652/2014, (EU) 2016/429 and (EU) 2016/2031 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Regulations (EC) No 1/2005 and (EC) No 1099/2009 and Council Directives 98/58/EC, 1999/74/EC, 2007/43/EC, 2008/119/EC and 2008/120/EC, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 854/2004 and (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Directives 89/608/EEC, 89/662/EEC, 90/425/EEC, 91/496/EEC, 96/23/EC, 96/93/EC and 97/78/EC and Council Decision 92/438/EEC (Official Controls Regulation) (OJ L 95, 07.04.2017, pp. 1–142), other legislation of the European Union and this Act.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (51) In events provided for in an international agreement, this Act applies with the differences arising from the agreement.
[RT I, 01.06.2013, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2013]

 (6) The Government of the Republic or the minister responsible for the field may establish, within the limits of their competence, legislation for taking measures relating to food in matters that, in accordance with the legislation of the European Union, a Member State has the right to decide.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 2.  Food

  For the purposes of this Act, ‘food’ means a substance or product specified in Article 2 of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 3.  Primary production and primary product

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘primary production’ means an activity specified in Article 3(17) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (2) For the purposes of this Act, ‘primary product’ means products specified in Article 2(1) of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the hygiene of foodstuffs (OJ L 139, 30.04.2004, pp. 1-54).
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 4.  [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 5.  [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 6.  Operator and food handling

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘operator’ means a person specified in Article 3(13) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council

 (2) For the purposes of this Act, ‘handling of food’ (hereinafter handling) means an activity within the stages or production, processing and distribution of food provided in Article 3(16) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (3) For the purposes of this Act, ‘retail’ means an activity specified in Article 3(7) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

Chapter 2 NOTIFICATION AND LICENCE OBLIGATION 
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 - entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 7.  Notification obligation

 (1) A notice of economic activities must be submitted to the Veterinary and Food Board for:
 1) handling food in an establishment specified in Article 6(2) of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council;
 2) manufacture, processing and distribution of food contact materials and articles in a business specified in Article 2(2)(c) of Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (2) In addition to the data specified in the General Part of the Economic Activities Code Act, the notice of economic activities must set out the following:
 1) in the case of the field of activity specified in clause 1 of subsection 1 of this section, information about the field of handling and the food group;
 2) in the case of the field of activity specified in clause 2 of subsection 1 of this section, information about the group of the food contact materials and articles.

 (3) A detailed list of the fields of handling and food groups specified in clause 1 of subsection 2 of this section, whereby the operator must submit a notice of economic activities, is established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.

 (4) A notice of economic activities does not need to be submitted for commencement of economic activities in the field of activity specified in clause 1 of subsection 2 of this section where:
 1) an activity licence must be held in accordance with § 8 of this Act or Article 6(3)(b) or (c) of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council in order to handle food in the establishment;
 2) in accordance with Article 1(2)(c) of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council or Article 1(3)(c) of Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin (OJ L 139, 30.04.2004, pp. 55–205), the requirements established by such Regulations do not apply to the establishment;
 3) the business whose livestock building or facility or an area enclosed for the keeping of animals has been registered in the register of farm animals on the basis of the Infectious Animal Disease Control Act;
 4) the operator holds an activity licence for handling medicinal products.

 (5) A notice of economic activities does not need to be submitted in order to commence economic activities in the field of activity specified in clause 2 of subsection 1 of this section where the business specified in Article 2(2)(c) of Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council must be reported in accordance with clause 1 of subsection 1 of § 7 of this Act or where the business must hold a food handling activity licence in accordance with § 8 of this Act.

 (6) The information specified in this section is entered in the national register of food and feed business operators under § 23 of the Feed Act.

 (7) The operator does not have to pay a state fee for entering the information contained in a notice of economic activities specified in subsection 1 of this section in the national register of food and feed business operators.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 8.  Licence obligation

 (1) The operator must hold an activity licence for handling food in the following establishments and businesses:
 1) an establishment specified in Article 6(3)(b) and (c) of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council;
 2) an establishment that handles primary products of animal origin in a manner that does not alter the initial shape or characteristics thereof, except an establishment that engages in the primary production of such products and the producer takes steps within the meaning of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, or that engaged in the carriage of food;
 3) an establishment where the initial shape and qualities of primary products of non-animal origin change in the course of handling, except the establishments specified in Chapter III of Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council;
 4) an establishment where food is processed, including produced, or packaged, except for the packaging of primary products of non-animal origin and the establishments specified in Chapter III of Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council;
 5) an establishment where food of animal origin is handled and marketed to another operator and that is specified in Chapter III of Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council;
 6) a business engaged in storing food which must be stored at temperatures different from the room temperature in order to ensure food safety;
 7) an establishment that engages in retail trade and handles food that, for the purposes of food safety, must be kept at a temperature different from the room temperature, except the establishments specified in Chapter III of Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council;
 8) a business that engages in supplying food of animal origin, which does not comply with the requirements of the legislation of the European Union (hereinafter non-compliant food of animal origin), to a ship that engaged in international shipping outside the territorial waters of the European Union;
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 2 – entry into force 01.07.2014]
 9) a business that engages in supplying non-compliant food of animal origin in a free zone or customs warehouse.
[RT I, 16.06.2017, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2017]

 (2) An activity licence gives the operator the right to commence and pursue economic activities only in or with regard to the establishment or business specified in the activity licence.
[RT I, 25.03.2011, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014 (entry into force amended – RT I, 22.12.2013, 1)]

 (3) A detailed list of the fields of handling and the food groups whereby the operator must hold an activity licence is established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 9.  Applying for activity licence

 (1) An application for an activity licence is reviewed by the Veterinary and Food Board.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (2) In addition to the information required in the General Part of the Economic Activities Code Act, an application for an activity licence must contain the following data and documents:
 1) the list of the food groups for the handling of which the activity licence is being applied for;
 2) the site map of the establishment or business along with the layout of the outdoor water supply and sewerage lines;
 3) the layout of the rooms along with the layout of the machinery, equipment and indoor water supply and sewerage lines. All the water points must be numbered in the layout of the water supply network. The layout of the rooms must indicate paths of movement of food, packaging materials, waste and staff;
 4) information on the finishing materials used in the handling rooms;
 5) the numeric values of the relevant regulated parameter of the rooms with a regulated temperature or the rooms with relative humidity or the rooms with regulated temperature and relative humidity;
 6) the technological scheme of the handling process along with parameters that are of relevance from the point of view of food safety and a short description of the technology;
 7) the designed and planned or actual handling capacity, including the capacity of the storage facilities;
 8) the test protocols of the water used in the business, which focus on the indicators investigated in the course of regular examination of the drinking water prescribed by subsection 2 of § 13 of the Water Act. the test protocols must be issued for analysing the drinking water by an accredited laboratory;
 8) the test protocols of the water used in the business, which focus on the indicators investigated in the course of regular examination of the drinking water prescribed by subsection 2 of § 13 of the Water Act. the test protocols must be issued for analysing the drinking water by an accredited laboratory;
[RT I, 22.02.2019, 1 – entry into force 01.10.2019]
 9) the cleaning and disinfection plan that contains information on the measures taken and substances used for cleaning and disinfecting the equipment and rooms;
 10) the pest control plan that contains information on the measures taken for controlling pest;
 11) the plan for the collection, removal and inactivation of food waste, by-products not used for food and other waste, which contains information on the measures taken for colleting, removing and inactivating these;
 12) the food hygiene training plan of the employees coming into contact with food;
 13) information on the means of transport used for the carriage of food and a description of cleaning the means of transport and circulating transportation packaging.
[RT I, 25.03.2011, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014 (entry into force amended – RT I, 22.12.2013, 1)]

 (3) The information specified in this section is entered in the national register of food and feed business operators under § 23 of the Feed Act.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (4) The operator does not have to pay a state fee for a review of an application for the activity licence specified in subsection 1 of § 8 of this Act.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 10.  Object of control of activity licence

  An activity licence is granted to an operator where the establishment or business used by it for handing food complies with the requirements established in Regulations (EC) No 852/2004 and 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and in other relevant food-related legislation.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 101.  Secondary conditions of activity licence

  The following secondary conditions apply to an activity licence:
 1) the field of handling;
 2) the food group.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 11.  Suspension and revocation of decision to approve

  [Repealed – RT I, 25.03.2011, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014 (entry into force amended – RT I, 22.12.2013, 1)]

Chapter 3 REQUIREMENTS FOR FOOD 

§ 12.  General requirements

  [RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (1) Food to be placed on the market must be safe for human health and comply with other requirements provided for in this Act and other legislation (hereinafter compliant).

 (2) Food must not contain parasites, pests or foreign substances that harm the properties of the food or endanger human health.

 (3) It is prohibited to handle food which is spoilt or contaminated or which does not comply with microbiological requirements, or food spoilt as a result of the use of an unsuitable manufacturing process or due to odour, flavour, colour or other circumstances which are not characteristic of the food.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (4) In addition to the provisions of this Chapter, food must comply with the composition and quality requirements characteristic of the food. The composition and quality requirements per food group is established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (5) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 13.  Novel food and genetically modified food

 (1) A novel food within the meaning of Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 of the European Parliament and of the Council on novel foods, amending Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Regulation (EC) No 258/97 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Regulation (EC) No 1852/2001 (OJ L 327, 11.12.2015, pp 1–22) may be placed on the market only in compliance with the requirements of the Regulation.

 (2) Genetically modified organisms and genetically modified food used for human consumption within the meaning of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council on genetically modified food and feed(OJ L 268, 18.10.2003, pp 1–23) may be placed on the market only in compliance with the requirements of the said Regulation.

 (3) The Veterinary and Food Board is the competent agency within the meaning of Article 5(2) of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 10.11.2017, 2 – entry into force 01.01.2018]

§ 14.  Food for particular nutritional uses

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘food for particular nutritional uses’ means an infant formula, follow-on formula, processed cereal-based food, baby food, food for special medical purposes and total diet replacement for weight control set out in Articles 2(2)(c)–(h) of Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on food intended for infants and young children, food for special medical purposes, and total diet replacement for weight control and repealing Council Directive 92/52/EEC, Commission Directives 96/8/EC, 1999/21/EC, 2006/125/EC and 2006/141/EC, Directive 2009/39/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Regulations (EC) No 41/2009 and (EC) No 953/2009 (OJ L 181, 29.06.2013, pp. 35–56).

 (2) The person who is responsible for placing on the Estonian market for the first time such a food for particular nutritional uses, which is subject to the notification requirement under Article 11(1)(d) of Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council, must inform the Veterinary and Food Board not later than on the day of placing the food on the market, submitting the labelling used in the case of the food for particular nutritional uses to be placed on the market along with the notification that contains at least the following information:
 1) the name, address of the residence or seat, and telecommunications numbers of the person responsible for placing the food for particular nutritional uses on the market;
 2) the name of the food;
 3) the date of placing the food for particular nutritional uses on the Estonian market.

 (3) The Veterinary and Food Board may request that the person responsible for placing the food for particular nutritional purposes on the market submit additional scientific data that confirm the existence of the special characteristics of the food.Where this information is public, a reference to a relevant publication or other permanent place of access is sufficient.
[RT I, 15.06.2016, 1 – entry into force 20.07.2016]

§ 141.  Food supplement

 (1) ‘Food supplement’ means food the purpose of which is to attribute to the food for normal consumption and which is a concentrated source of nutrients or other substances with nutrient or physiological effect. These substances may be presented individually or in combinations and are placed on the market in sales packaging and in specified doses, such as capsules, pastilles, tablets and other similar products, as well as sachets of powder, ampoules with liquid, drop-bottles, etc., designed for using liquid or powder in small measured quantities.

 (2) When a food supplement is placed on the market for the first time in Estonia, the person responsible for placing it on the market informs the Veterinary and Food Board thereof not later than on the day when it is placed on the market by delivering the specimen of labelling to be used with the food supplement, together with the notice containing at least the following information:
 1) the name, address of the residence or seat, and telecommunications numbers of the person responsible for placing the food for particular nutritional uses on the market;
 2) name of the food supplement;
 3) the date of placing the food supplement on the market in Estonia.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

§ 15.  Frozen food

 (1) ‘Frozen food’ means food that has been subjected to a freezing process and then stored at the temperature prescribed for the food or raw material for food. In order to ensure the compliance of such food with the requirements, the period of freezing must be as short as possible.

 (2) The requirements provided for in Regulations (EC) No 852/2004 and 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and in other legislation and the special requirements for handling frozen food established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field must be observed during handling frozen food.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

§ 16.  Food additive

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘food additive’ means a substance specified in Article 3(2)(a) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on food additives (OJ L 354, 31.12.2008, pp. 16–33).
[RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 20.01.2010]

 (2) It is permitted to use a food additive in accordance with the requirements provided for in Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 12.02.2013, 3 – entry into force 22.02.2013]

 (3) [Repealed – RT I, 12.02.2013, 3 – entry into force 01.06.2013]

 (4) Food additive that comply with the requirements provided for in Commission Regulation (EU) No 231/2012, laying down specifications for food additives listed in Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 83, 22.03.2012, pp. 1–295), are permitted in food.
[RT I, 12.02.2013, 3 – entry into force 22.02.2013]

§ 17.  Artificial flavourings

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘artificial flavourings’ means products specified in Article 3(2)(a) of Regulation (EC) No 1334/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on flavourings and certain food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods and amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 1601/91, Regulations (EC) No 2232/96 and (EC) No 110/2008 and Directive 2000/13/EC.
[RT I, 12.02.2013, 3 – entry into force 22.02.2013]

 (11) Artificial flavourings may be used in food in accordance with the requirements provided for in Regulation (EC) No 1334/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 12.02.2013, 3 – entry into force 22.02.2013]

 (2) The competent authority within the meaning of Article 7(2) of Regulation (EC) No 2065/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council on smoke flavourings used or intended for use in or on foods (OJ L 309, 26.11.2003, pp. 1–8) is the Veterinary and Food Board.
[RT I, 19.01.2011, 21 – entry into force 20.01.2011]

§ 18.  Processing aid

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘processing aid’ means substances specified in Article 3(2)(a) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 12.02.2013, 3 – entry into force 22.02.2013]

 (2) The requirements for processing aids, the conditions and methods of use thereof and the permitted levels of residue content in food are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

§ 19.  Contaminant

 (1) ‘Contaminant’ means a substance which is present in food as a result of substances used in the primary production, or which is present during handling or as a result of environmental contamination, and which may endanger human health or harm the properties of the food.

 (2) [Repealed – RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

 (3) The minister responsible for the field may establish the list and levels of permitted contaminants by food groups. The minister responsible for the field establishes the procedure for the regulation of the state supervision of contaminants in order to ensure the safety of food of animal origin.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 20.  Food counterfeiting

 (1) It is prohibited to counterfeit food and handle counterfeit food.

 (2) The following is deemed to be counterfeiting:
 1) alteration of the composition of food without alteration of the labelling;
 2) alteration of labelling without alteration of the actual composition;
 3) addition of other substances in any manner to food or processing food with such substances in order to conceal the lower value of the food or non-compliance of the food with the requirements;
 31) non-compliant use of a health mark or identification mark on the labelling;
 4) handling during which the business name or trade mark of another undertaking is used without the permission of the undertaking.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

Chapter 4 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR HANDLING 

§ 21.  Ensuring compliance of food upon handling

 (1) Handling must be carried out in compliance with the requirements provided for in this Act and other legislation and during handling it must be ensured that the food which is obtained complies with the requirements.

 (2) During handling it is prohibited to use substances or materials whose composition or effect on humans is not known, which do not conform to the requirements provided for in legislation, or the use of which is prohibited by legislation.

 (3) It is prohibited to store substances and materials which may cause the contamination of food or harm the properties thereof at handling sites.

 (4) Where, as a result of examinations, the harmfulness of a treatment or substance to human health becomes evident, it is prohibited to use it upon handling food. The list of treatments and substances that are prohibited upon handling food is established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field. Special handling requirements for treatments and substances which may be used upon handling food in certain events and the requirements that set out the permitted events and the manner of use of such treatments and substances are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

§ 22.  Duties of operator upon handling

  [RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (1) An operator is responsible for the compliance of handled food and handling with the requirements, and is required to seize every opportunity in order to ensure such compliance.

 (2) An operator must observe the storage requirements which are set out on the packaging or in the accompanying document of food and which are determined by the producer or processor, including the manufacturer or packager of the food, on the basis of shelf life tests or the storage requirements for food established by the minister responsible for the field. The minister responsible for the field establishes storage requirements per food group based on the potential hazard to human health caused by the food. The procedure for conducting shelf life tests is established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (3) An operator must not accept, use during handling or distribute food that does not comply with the requirements.

 (4) It is prohibited to use food of animal origin where the animal has been treated with medicinal products or substances having a hormonal action and the withdrawal period after use thereof has not ended.
[RT I 2008, 16, 115 – entry into force 21.04.2008]

 (5) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (6) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (7) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 23.  Traceability of food

  An operator must guarantee the traceability of food in accordance with Article 18 of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 24.  Technical description of food

 (1) Upon preparation of food, except preparation of food marketed only on the premises of mass caterers, an operator must observe the requirements of the technical description of food which is selected or prepared by the operator.

 (2) For the purposes of this Act, ‘technical description of food’ means any document which describes the properties and preparation of the food and contains the following information concerning the food:
 1) the name;
 2) the properties of the finished product and of the ingredients thereof;
 3) the manufacturing process used, above all, the aspects which are significant for food safety;
 4) the methods of assessment of compliance with the requirements;
 5) the description of the packaging and food information.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (3) A technical description prepared by an operator and amendments made thereto are prepared as a document which sets out, in addition to the information specified in subsection 2 of this section, the date of its preparation and the name and official title of the person who approved the document by their signature.
[RT I 2001, 93, 566 – entry into force 01.01.2002]

§ 25.  Conditions of business

 (1) The technical conditions and organisation of work of establishments and businesses must enable observance of the requirements provided for in this Act and other legislation.

 (2) Where circumstances become evident which bring about or may bring about changes to these conditions to an extent that means that food safety is not ensured, an operator must promptly notify the Veterinary and Food Board thereof.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]

 (3) The building and room used for storing the non-compliant food of animal origin of an enterprise or business specified in clause 8 or 9 of subsection 1 of § 8 of this Act must comply with the following requirements:
 1) depending on the type and kind of the stored food of animal origin, the building must be suitable for storing such food of animal origin and comply with the requirements established in Regulations (EC) No 852/2004 and 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and in other relevant food-related legislation;
 2) the building has, depending on the type and kind of the stored food of animal origin, a separate room for storing the non-compliant food of animal origin;
 3) the building has a separate room for veterinary supervision officials and is equipped with means of communication such as the telephone and fax;
 4) the building is located in a closed territory that has an entrance and exit that is permanently controlled by the person in charge or, in the case of a warehouse located in a free zone, the entire zone is closed and under permanent customs control.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 2 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (4) Non-compliant food of animal origin may be stored in the same room with compliant food of animal origin only where the non-compliant food of animal origin is kept separately in the locked part of the same room.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 2 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 26.  Food hygiene

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘food hygiene’ means the measures and conditions specified in Article 2(1) of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (2) Food hygiene requirements are established by Regulations (EC) No 852/2004 and 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (3) The Ministry of Rural Affairs establishes food hygiene requirements in issues that, in accordance with the Regulations specified in subsection 2 of this section, Member States have the right to decide, or other relevant requirements. Food hygiene requirements or other relevant requirements may also establish the small quantities specified in Article 1 of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 and Article 1 Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, and to determine local regions.

 (4) The Veterinary and Food Board is the competent agency within the meaning of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 and Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]

 (5) In following the food hygiene requirements, operators may take guidance from the guidelines for good hygiene practice (hereinafter guidelines) compiled by an operator, association of operators or any other interested party in cooperation with other relevant parties. The guidelines are prepared taking account of the standards of Codex Alimentarius that is the common standards programme of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations Organisation and of the World Health Organisation (WHO).

 (6) The conformity of the recommendations provided by the guidelines referred to in subsection 5 of this section to food hygiene requirements is assessed by the Veterinary and Food Board who has the right to propose amendments to the guidelines.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]

 (7) The person specified in subsection 5 of this section submits the guidelines which have been declared to comply with the requirements set out in Article 7 of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council to the Ministry of Rural Affairs who forwards it, in the events specified in the Regulation, to the European Commission.

§ 27.  Employee of establishment or business

 (1) An operator is required to explain the handling requirements arising from legislation to an employee and verify compliance therewith.

 (2) An employee who handles food must have professional knowledge and know and observe the food hygiene requirements.

 (3) An employee who does not directly handle food must know and adhere to the food hygiene requirements to the extent necessary to ensure food safety.

 (4) An operator must organise the supervision of an employee with regard to food hygiene.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 28.  Medical examination of employee

  [RT I, 04.12.2015, 1 – entry into force 01.01.2017]
The Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Act applies to the medical examination of an employee.
[RT I, 04.12.2015, 1 – entry into force 01.01.2017]

§ 29.  Food hygiene training in establishment or business

 (1) An operator must prepare a plan concerning food hygiene training for the employees of the establishment or business who come into contact with food, setting out the purposes, scope, timetable and procedure of the training.

 (2) On the basis of a training plan, an operator must periodically organise food hygiene training that corresponds to the duties of the employees and assess the knowledge of the employees concerning food hygiene.

 (3) The execution of the training plan is monitored by the law enforcement authority that has the right to make proposals for amendment of the training plan and give explanations concerning drawing up the plan.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (4) The requirements provided for in subsections 1–3 of this section do not apply to producers to whom the requirements of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council apply, or to producers to whom the requirements of Regulations (EC) No 852/2004 and (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council do not apply, unless otherwise provided by other Acts or legislation established on the basis thereof.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 30.  Cleaning, disinfection and pest control

  [RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (1) In order to clean and disinfect an establishment or business and its territory, premises, machinery and handling equipment and in order to conduct pest control, an operator must use only such equipment, substances and methods which do not cause the contamination of food, harm the properties thereof or endanger human health. Cleaning products, disinfectants and pest control products must be used in accordance with the instructions prepared by the producer of such products.

 (2) [Repealed – RT I 2001, 93, 566 – entry into force 01.01.2002]

§ 31.  Materials and articles intended to come into contact with food

 (1) Materials and articles intended to come into contact with food must not cause the contamination of food, harm the properties thereof or endanger human health and must comply with the requirements for materials and articles permitted to come into contact with food.

 (2) The requirements for materials and articles permitted to come into contact with food, the special requirements for the groups thereof and the methods for testing the safety of such materials and articles are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (3) [Repealed – RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (4) [Repealed – RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 32.  Water used

  [RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (1) An establishment or business must have an adequate supply of water which complies with the requirements for drinking water established on the basis of the Water Act (hereinafter drinking water).

 (2) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 33.  [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

Chapter 5 SELF-CHECKING OF OPERATOR 

§ 34.  Self-checking requirement

 (1) An operator is required to verify the compliance of food and the handling thereof with the requirements (hereinafter self-checkin g) and to implement measures in order to ensure such verification. Measures to be implemented are described in a self-check plan. Self-checking together with a self-check plan drawn up in writing forms a self-checking system.

 (2) An operator determines the stages of handling which are significant in terms of food safety, including critical control points, monitors them and registers the results of the monitoring in accordance with the requirements of Article 5 of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (3) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (4) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (5) [Repealed – RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 01.01.2010]

 (51) In the event of analysis of samples collected in the framework of self-checking, a relevant quality system is applied.
[RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 01.01.2010]

 (6) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 35.  Declaration of conformity

 (1) A declaration of conformity that certifies the compliance of food with the requirements is a written document issued by the producer of the food that confirms that the food complies with the requirements provided for in legislation or other requirements. A declaration of conformity is issued at the request of an operator who further handles the food.

 (2) A declaration of conformity confirms that the food complies with the requirements specified in the declaration, provided that the requirements set out by the issuer are observed during further handling.

 (3) A declaration of conformity is issued for a specified period for continual preparation of the same food or with regard to a lot. An amount of food that is produced, prepared or packed under the same conditions and with the same name and properties is deemed to be a lot. Each lot must have specific identification.

 (4) Where a declaration of conformity is issued for the continual preparation of food, the lots included therein must be related to the declaration of conformity. A declaration of conformity issued with regard to a lot must include a reference to the specific lot.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 36.  Content of declaration of conformity

  A declaration of conformity must contain the following information:
 1) the name of the issuer, the address of the seat of the issuer and the mark of identification of the declaration of conformity;
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]
 2) the name of the food and other information necessary for determination of the food;
 3) a reference to the requirements to which conformity is proved;
 4) the date of issue and the name, signature and position of the person who issued the declaration of conformity.

§ 37.  Certification

 (1) Certification is a procedure which is organised by an independent third party (hereinafter certification body) on the basis of a written application from an operator in order to prove the compliance of the quality system of the operator or the compliance of a specific handled food with the requirements, in respect of which the application for proof of conformity is made.

 (2) Certification is optional and an operator who applies for certification bears the expenses of certification.

 (3) Where certification provides a positive result, the certification body issues a certificate of conformity that confirms the compliance of the food or the quality system with the requirements.

Chapter 6 PRESENTATION OF INFORMATION 

§ 38.  Requirements for information

 (1) ‘Food information’ means information specified in Article 2(2)(a) of Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the provision of food information to consumers, amending Regulations (EC) No 1924/2006 and (EC) No 1925/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council, and repealing Commission Directive 87/250/EEC, Council Directive 90/496/EEC, Commission Directive 1999/10/EC, Directive 2000/13/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Commission Directives 2002/67/EC and 2008/5/EC and Commission Regulation (EC) No 608/2004 (OJ L 304, 22.11.2011, pp. 18–63).

 (2) Food information must be true, comply with requirements established by legislation and must not mislead the handler or the consumer. Food which is sold or transferred in some other manner to the consumers must be labelled in a manner that ensures the necessary information about the food.

 (3) In the case of food sold or otherwise delivered to the consumer in Estonia, food information is provided in Estonian, unless the information provided in another language or in another manner is understandable to the consumer.

 (4) The requirements for provision of food information per food group or treatment are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.

 (5) For the purpose of implementation of Articles 44(1)(b) and 44(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the requirements for provision of food information on non-prepackaged food are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.

 (6) The requirements for identification of a lot are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

§ 39.  Restrictions on presentation of information

  [Repealed – RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

§ 391.  [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 40.  Restriction on alteration of labelling

 (1) The alteration of labelling without the alteration of the actual properties of food is deemed to be adulteration of the food, except for the specification of labelling or the correction of misleading labelling.

 (2) It is prohibited to repackage food where the ‘use by’ date or the date of minimum durability is indicated on the sales packaging of the food. The date on the sales packaging must not be altered and the food must not be marketed after the ‘use by’ date has expired.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

Chapter 7 BRINGING FOOD TO ESTONIA AND EXPORT OF FOOD 
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 - entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 41.  Terms of bringing food to Estonia and export of food

  [RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, bringing food to Estonia means an activity specified in Article 3(40) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (11) Bringing food to Estonia and the export of food is permitted through a border control post which is open to international traffic on the basis of the State Borders Act.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (3) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (31) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (32) Where, in accordance with relevant legislation of the European Union, the controls of the compliance of bringing food to Estonia with the rules must be performed at a border control post or at the place of the official controls of imported food, such food may be brought to Estonia only through the border control post determined by the Veterinary and Food Board or a place of official controls of imported food.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (4) The food specified in the list established on the basis of Article 47(2)(a) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council is not subject to the requirements provided for in this Chapter.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 42.  Border control post and place of performing official controls over imported food

  [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 421.  Border control post

 (1) On the basis of an application of the owner or possessor of a border control post opened for international traffic under the State Borders Act, the Veterinary and Food Board designates the border control post through which it is permitted to bring food to Estonia (hereinafter border control post), provided that a Member State has the right to determine the border control post in accordance with the relevant legislation of the European Union.

 (2) The list of border control posts is published on the website of the Veterinary and Food Board in accordance with the requirements of Article 60 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (3) In accordance with Article 59(2) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the Veterinary and Food Board notifies the European Commission of the intent to designate a border control post.

 (4) After receiving a notice specified in paragraphs 3–5 of Article 59 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the Veterinary and Food Board makes a respective decision without delay.

 (5) In an event provided for in Article 62(1) and Articles 63(1) and (4) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the Veterinary and Food Board makes a respective decision and change in the list of border control posts and notifies the European Commission and other Member States thereof in accordance with Articles 62 and 63 of the Regulation.

 (6) The requirements for the contents of an application for the designation of a border control post and the procedure for processing applications set out in subsection 1 of this section are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 422.  Place of official controls of imported food

 (1) On the basis of a person’s application, the Veterinary and Food Board designates a place of official controls of imported food, provided that a Member State has the right to designate it in accordance with the relevant legislation of the European Union. The place of official controls is located in a place accepted by the Tax and Customs Board.

 (2) The list of places of official controls of food imported in accordance with the requirements referred to in Article 53(2) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council is published on the website of the Veterinary and Food Board.

 (3) Where a place of official controls meets the requirements referred to in Article 53(1)(a) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the Veterinary and Food Board makes a decision to designate the place of official controls of imported food.

 (4) Where a place of official controls does not meet the requirements referred to in Article 53(1)(a) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the Veterinary and Food Board makes a decision to refuse to designate the place of official controls of imported food.

 (5) The Veterinary and Food Board makes a decision specified in subsection 3 or 4 of this section within 30 working days after the receipt of an application for the designation of the place of the official controls of imported food.

 (6) In an event provided for in Article 62(1), Articles 63(1) and (4) and Article 53(2) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the Veterinary and Food Board makes a respective decision and change in the list of places of official controls and notifies the European Commission and other Member States thereof in accordance with Articles 62 and 63 of the Regulation.

 (7) The requirements for the contents of an application for the designation of a place of official controls and the procedure for processing applications set out in subsection 1 of this section are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 43.  Official controls and other official activities in case of export of food

  [RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (1) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (3) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (4) In the event of export of food of Estonian origin, the Veterinary and Food Board issues a document certifying the compliance of the food, provided that the submission of such document is requested in a state located outside the customs territory of the European Union.
[RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 01.01.2010]

§ 44.  Notification of bringing food to Estonia

  [RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (1) The Veterinary and Food Board is informed of the bringing to Estonia of food over which official controls must be performed at a border control post or at a place of official controls of imported food in accordance with the relevant legislation of the European Union at least one working day before the presentation of the food for official controls.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 45.  [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 46.  [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

Chapter 8 OVERALL ORGANISATION OF STATE SUPERVISION 
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 - entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 47.  State and administrative supervision

  [RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (1) The Veterinary and Food Board exercises state and administrative supervision in all spheres of handling and over the materials and articles specified in Article 1(2) of Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (2) [Repealed – RT I, 08.01.2020, 1 – entry into force 17.01.2020]

 (3) The Veterinary and Food Board cooperates with the rural municipality or city government in forwarding information concerning events involving handling food which take place within the territory of the rural municipality or city.

 (4) Supervision is exercised in accordance with the supervision provisions of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council and other relevant legislation.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (5) In coordination with relevant ministers, the minister responsible for the field designates the competent authorities responsible for the implementation of the legislation of the European Union, the liaison bodies responsible for coordinating cooperation with the Member States in the field of supervision and other similar authorities, and informs the European Commission of such authorities where designation of such authorities is prescribed by the legislation of the European Union.

 (6) The Veterinary and Food Board is the authority coordinating the preparation of a multiannual national control plan specified in Article 109(2) and of a contingency plan specified in Article 115 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The Veterinary and Food Board submit the multi-annual national control plan and a report on the implementation of the plan to the European Commission in accordance with Article 113 of the Regulation.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (7) The Government of the Republic may establish the procedure for cooperation of law enforcement authorities in preparation of the contingency plan and multi-annual control plan specified in subsection 6 of this section.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 48.  Special measures of state supervision

  [RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (1) The law enforcement authority may, for the purpose of exercising the state supervision provided for in this Act, take special measures of state supervision provided for in §§ 30, 31, 32, 49, 50, 51, 52 and 53 of the Law Enforcement Act on the grounds and in accordance with the procedure provided for in the Law Enforcement Act.

 (2) An expert of the European Commission has the rights specified in subsection 1 of this section upon verification of the compliance of the requirements provided for in the legislation of the European Union on the conditions and in accordance with the procedure established in the legislation of the European Union.

 (3) When non-compliant food is and materials and articles intended to come into contact with non-compliant food are detected, the law enforcement authority takes the measures provided for in Article 138 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (4) When non-compliant food is and materials and articles intended to come into contact with non-compliant food are brought to Estonia, the law enforcement authority takes the measures provided for in Articles 66–69 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 481.  Application of rapid alert system and supervision cooperation with Member States of European Union

 (1) The Estonian liaison body of the rapid alert system referred to in Article 50 of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council is the Veterinary and Food Board.

 (2) Where it has been established in the course of state supervision that the food is directly or indirectly dangerous for human health and it may be placed on the market in any other Member State of the European Union or where such food has been discovered bringing goods to Estonia, the Tax and Customs Board informs the Veterinary and Food Board of the danger and the latter notifies the European Commission through the rapid alert system specified in subsection 1 of this section.
[RT I, 08.01.2020, 1 – entry into force 17.01.2020]

 (3) Where the European Commission has communicated through the rapid alert system referred to in subsection 1 of this section a safety message to the Veterinary and Food Board concerning dangerous food identified in any member state of the European Union, the Veterinary and Food Board forwards this notice to the Tax and Customs Board and the Health Protection Inspectorate.The law enforcement authorities investigate the possible danger in Estonia and inform the Veterinary and Food Board about the results.
[RT I, 08.01.2020, 1 – entry into force 17.01.2020]

 (4) The Veterinary and Food Board is the liaison body of supervisory cooperation within the meaning of Article 103(1) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (5) Other law enforcement authority, administrative body or government agency notifies the Veterinary and Food Board without delay where there is the following possible violation of the rules in connection with food, including food-related information, the handling of food and materials and articles intended to come into contact with food:
 1) a violation that may jeopardise human health or the environment;
 2) a violation that has been committed by knowingly creating a misconception of the actual circumstances.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 49.  Specifics of state supervision

  [RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (1) An official of the law enforcement authority has, upon presentation of their identification, the right to verify:
 1) the state and use of the establishment or business and its territory, premises, machinery, equipment and means of transport;
 2) food ingredients, processing aids and other substances used to prepare food;
 3) food, including during the manufacturing process;
 4) materials and articles intended to come into contact with food;
 5) the equipment, substances and methods of cleaning, disinfection and pest control;
 6) food handling, including the methods for processing, manufacturing and storage of food;
 7) provision of food information.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (2) In addition to the provisions of subsection 1 of this section, the law enforcement authority has the right to:
 1) verify, regardless of whether the medical examination specified in subsection 1 of § 28 of this Act has been undergone, the compliance with hygiene requirements of persons who in the course of their duties come into direct or indirect contact with the items referred to in clauses 2–5 of subsection 1 of this section, including personal cleanliness and clothing, and to assess their knowledge of hygiene;
 2) verify the compliance with the requirement to perform self-checking and to examine the results of self-checking and the results of measurements performed by the measuring instruments installed in the establishment or business, as well as to verify the correctness thereof using the measuring instruments of the law enforcement authority.

 (3) Where only meat is processed in an establishment or business, the operator is required to provide a workstation, equipment and clothing required for exercising supervision.

 (4) Where there is reason to believe that certain food may be harmful to human health or the environment, the head of the appropriate law enforcement authority suspends the handling of such food. The decision is drawn up as a directive of the head of the law enforcement authority, setting out the name of the food and, where necessary, information on the lot concerned, and other information which allows for the identification of the harmful food and the spheres of handling wherein handling must be suspended. The head of the law enforcement authority informs the public of the directive immediately and the information is published on the website of the law enforcement authority.

 (5) The head of the law enforcement authority immediately forwards their directive to the minister responsible for the field who decides the suspension of the handling of the food under the circumstances and on the conditions set out in the directive and establish a corresponding regulation. In addition to the information set out in the directive of the head of the law enforcement authority, the regulation must set out the time limit of the restriction, the obligations of law enforcement authorities and persons, and the manner of eliminating the danger. The directive of the head of the law enforcement authority remains in force until entry into force of the regulation of the minister responsible for the field.

 (6) While a restriction on handling is in force, the appropriate law enforcement authorities, in cooperation with each other, determine the extent of danger, take necessary measures and, after elimination of the danger, the head of the law enforcement authority who issued the directive makes a written proposal to the minister responsible for the field to terminate the suspension of handling and the minister responsible for the field establishes a corresponding regulation.

 (7) Where residential premises are also used as commercial premises, the law enforcement authority may inspect these during the working or opening hours without the authorisation of an administrative court specified in subsection 2 of § 51 of the Law Enforcement Act.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

Chapter 81 FOOD SUPERVISION FEE 
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 - entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 491.  Food supervision fee

 (1) ‘Food supervision fee’ (hereinafter supervision fee) means an amount payable at the rate established in this Act for official controls and other official activities (hereinafter supervisory activity) performed for the purpose of checking the compliance of the establishment, food and food handling of an operator that has a notification obligation and a licence obligation and that has performed such obligation. The supervision fee is also payable for performing a supervision activity relating to materials and articles intended to come into contact with food.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) The supervisory fee is paid for performing a supervisory activity related to food in a retail establishment, except for performing a supervisory activity related to animal products specified in § 4 of the Veterinary Activities Organisation Act.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (3) No supervision fee must be paid for performing a supervision activity relating to primary production.
[RT I 2010, 72, 542 – entry into force 15.10.2010]

 (4) No supervision fee must be paid by an educational establishment, social establishment or health service provider financed from the budget of a state authority or local authority for performing a supervision activity relating to inter-establishment catering.
[RT I 2010, 72, 542 – entry into force 15.10.2010]

§ 492.  Person required to pay supervision fee

 (1) A person required to pay the supervision fee (hereinafter obligated person) is a person with regard to whom a supervision activity specified in § 491 of this Act has been taken.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (2) Multiple obligated persons bear joint and several liability for payment of the supervision fee for a joint supervision activity.
[RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 01.01.2010]

§ 493.  Principles of determination of supervision fee

 (1) The costs specified in Article 81 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, which are related to the performance of the supervision activities of the Veterinary and Food Board serve as the basis for the calculation of the rate of the supervision fee.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) The supervision fee is charged as an hourly fee for the supervision activities performed in accordance with § 491 of this Act, except for making additional laboratory analyses specified in subsection 9 of this section;
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (3) The obligated person must pay an hourly fee for the time spent on performing a supervision activity, but not for more than eight hours per supervision activity. The time spent by the official is calculated with the accuracy of one hour and each commenced hour is deemed the next full hour. The time spent on driving to the place of performing the supervision activities is not taken into account.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (4) The costs specified in Article 81 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, which are related to the performance of the food supervision activities of the Veterinary and Food Board serve as the basis for the calculation of the hourly rate. The pay and administrative costs related to food supervision activities, including laboratory analyses and research are calculated on the basis of the actual costs in the calendar year preceding the activity. The total costs related to food supervision activities in the said period are divided by the work hours spent on the supervision activities performed during the same period, except on carrying out laboratory analyses and research.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (41) Upon calculation of the administrative costs related to the food supervision activities specified in subsection 4 of this section, the costs of additional laboratory analyses specified in subsection 9 are not taken into account.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (5) The rate of the hourly fee to be charged for performing a supervision activity is established annually by the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (6) In the event of food which, under relevant legislation of the European Union, is subject to supervision at a border control post or at a place of official controls of imported food, the obligated person must pay for a supervision activity at an hourly rate per one tariff classification on one customs declaration, plus the price of necessary analyses.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (7) In the course of performing a food supervision activity, the Veterinary and Food Board has the right to charge an additional fee for the waiting time of a late consignment and a supervision activity performed outside the working time at the request of a person as follows:
 1) for the waiting time of a late consignment during the working time, the additional fee is charged as an hourly rate per supervisory official in accordance with subsection 3 of this section;
 2) for the waiting time of a late consignment outside the working time and for a supervision activity performed outside the working time at the request of a person, the additional fee is charged as a double hourly rate per supervisory official in accordance with subsection 3 of this section.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (8) The additional fee paid on the basis of subsection 7 of this section is subject to the procedure provided for in § 494 of this Act.

 (9) In the event specified in Article 79(2)(c) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council the obligated person pays a supervision fee for the performance of additional food supervision activities in the form of an hourly fee in accordance with subsection 3 of this section. Where any additional laboratory analyses need to be carried out in connection with an established violation of the rules, the obligated person pays the supervision fee also to the extent of the total costs of these analyses.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 494.  Payment of supervision fee

 (1) The Veterinary and Food Board makes a decision to collect the supervision fee for food supervision activities performed during the previous calendar month by the fifth date of each calendar month.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (2) A decision to collect the supervision fee is delivered to the obligated person within five working days after the day of making the decision.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (3) An obligated person transfers the supervision fee to the bank account indicated in a decision within ten working days as of obtaining the decision to collect the supervision fee. The obligated person has the right to file an inter-authority appeal against a decision of the Veterinary and Food Board in accordance with the procedure provided for in the Administrative Procedure Act.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (4) In the event of bringing food to Estonia, the obligated person pays the supervision fee in the amount specified in a decision to collect the supervision fee, which was submitted by the Veterinary and Food Board before the goods are placed under a customs procedure.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (5) Upon bringing food to Estonia, the Veterinary and Food Board may discharge the obligated person from paying the supervision fee before placing the goods under a customs procedure, provided that both of the following criteria are met:
 1) the obligated person has presented a sufficient guarantee;
 2) the obligated person has previously paid the supervision fee in the prescribed amount and by the due date.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (6) The procedure for payment, receipt in cash and monitoring of payment of the supervision fee is established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (7) The obligated person pays the amount specified in a precept made for the collection of the overdue supervision fee within ten working days as of the receipt of the precept.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (8) In the event of failure to comply with a precept issued for the collection of overdue supervision fee within the time limit indicated in the precept, the Veterinary and Food Board has the right to address an enforcement officer who collects the overdue supervision fee from the obligated person in accordance with the procedure established in the Code of Enforcement Procedure.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 495.  Refund of overpaid supervision fee

 (1) The overpaid supervision fee is refunded where the supervision fee paid exceeds the prescribed amount.

 (2) The obligated person has the right to apply for the refund of overpaid supervision fee within two years as of the date of the payment of the supervision fee.

 (3) To apply for a refund of overpaid supervision fee, the obligated person submits to the Veterinary and Food Board a relevant written application and a document certifying payment of the supervision fee.

 (4) The Veterinary and Food Board makes a decision to refund or to refuse to refund the supervision fee within ten working days as of the receipt of the respective application.

 (5) The supervision fee is not refunded where the person who paid the supervision fee or the person for whom the supervision fee was paid cannot be identified or where the person is not entitled to a refund.

 (6) The procedure for refunding overpaid supervisory fee is established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 50.  Precept of supervisory official

  [Repealed – RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 51.  Contesting precept or decision of supervisory official

  [Repealed – RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 511.  Prohibition on handling food

  [Repealed – RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 512.  Application of rapid alert system and supervision cooperation with Member States of European Union

  [Repealed – RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

Chapter 9 SAMPLING, ANALYSIS AND LABORATORIES 
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 - entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 513.  Taking and analysis of samples upon performance of official controls and other official activities

  [RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (1) Upon checking a movable in the course of performance of official controls and other official activities, samples may be taken at the expense of the person. Where the checked movable is no longer fit for ordinary use following the check, the cost of the movable or the cost of restoring the movable for ordinary use is not compensated to the person.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) For the purpose of performing controls over the compliance of food and the handling thereof, the requirements for taking and analysing samples are established per food group or determined indicator by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (3) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (4) A person has the right to demand that, in addition to a sample specified in subsection 1 of this section, an additional sample that remains at the disposal of the person is taken at the expense of the person on the same conditions.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (41) In the event of a dispute between the Veterinary and Food Board and an operator, which arises from a second expert opinion provided for in Article 35 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the operator may at its own cost request a review of the documents of the initial analysis and, where necessary, have a sample specified in subsection 4 of this section be analysed in a second laboratory specified in Article 37(1) of the Regulation.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (5) Regardless of whether a second expert opinion has been requested, the Veterinary and Food Board takes the necessary measures specified in Article 66 or 138 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 52.  Authorisation of laboratory to analyse samples taken upon performing official controls and other official activities

  [RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (1) Samples taken in the course of performance of official controls and other official activities are analysed in a laboratory authorised to conduct relevant analyses (hereinafter authorised laboratory), which complies with the requirements provided for in Article 37 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (11) In events specified in Articles 40 and 42 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, an unaccredited laboratory may be authorised to act as an authorised laboratory.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) [Repealed – RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 01.01.2010]

 (3) The Veterinary and Food Board makes the decision on the granting of authorisation to operate as an authorised laboratory within 20 working days as of the receipt of a written application of the laboratory. The decision to grant authorisation to operate as an authorised laboratory sets out the scope of authority.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]

 (4) The requirements for the content of applications for authorisation to operate as authorised laboratory, the list of documents to be annexed to applications and the procedure for processing applications are established by the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]

 (5) The Veterinary and Food Board may refuse to grant authorisation to operate as an authorised laboratory where the laboratory does not comply with the requirements provided for in Articles 37(4) and (5) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (51) The Veterinary and Food Board revokes the authorisation in the events provided for in Article 39(2) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (6) A state fee must be paid for reviewing of an application for granting of the initial authorisation for a laboratory in accordance with the rates provided in the State Fees Act.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]

§ 53.  Authorisation of reference laboratory

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘national reference laboratory’ (hereinafter reference laboratory) means the laboratory specified in Article 100 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, which performs the duties of a reference laboratory in the field of food.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) A reference laboratory is authorised to operate for each European Union reference laboratory referred to in Article 93(1) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (3) Authority to operate as a reference laboratory is granted within 20 working days as of the receipt of a written application of the reference laboratory and by a directive of the minister responsible for the field, which sets out the scope of the authority.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

 (4) [Repealed – RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

 (5) A reference laboratory operates on government orders submitted by the minister responsible for the field. Fulfilment of the orders is financed from funds allocated from the state budget to the Ministry of Rural Affairs.

 (6) Where a reference laboratory fails to perform its duties in the manner required, the minister responsible for the field has the right to grant a term of up to three months for the elimination of deficiencies. Where the deficiencies are not eliminated, the authorisation is revoked in part or in full. During the time prescribed for the elimination of deficiencies, the authorisation is deemed to be suspended.

 (7) The requirements for the content of applications for authorisation to operate as reference laboratory, the list of documents to be annexed to applications and the procedure for processing applications are established by the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

 (8) A state fee for reviewing an application for initial authorisation to operate as a reference laboratory must be paid at the rates provided in the State Fees Act.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

Chapter 10 LIABILITY 

§ 531.  Handling food in establishment or business where performance of notification obligation and activity licence are required

 (1) The penalty for the commencement of food handling without the authorisation of a supervisory official in an establishment or business that must hold an activity licence for handling food, as well as after any constructional, technological, work organisation or other reorganisations that altered the conditions existing at the time of receipt of an activity licence, as well as food handling in an establishment or business not specified in a notice of economic activities is a fine of up to 300 fine units.

 (2) The penalty for the same act committed by a legal person is a fine of up to 3200 euros.

 (3) An attempted misdemeanour specified in this section is penalised.
[RT I, 12.07.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.01.2015]

§ 532.  Violation of requirements for food

 (1) The penalty for violation of the requirements for food is a fine of up to 200 fine units.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (2) The penalty for the same act committed in a manner that endangers human health or the environment is a fine of up to 300 fine units.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (3) The penalty for the act specified in subsection 1 of this section, which is committed by a legal person, is a fine of up to 2600 euros.
[RT I 2010, 22, 108 – entry into force 01.01.2011]

 (4) The penalty for the act specified in subsection 2 of this section, which is committed by a legal person, is a fine of up to 3200 euros.
[RT I 2010, 22, 108 – entry into force 01.01.2011]

§ 533.  Violation of requirements for handling food and materials and articles intended to come into contact with food

 (1) The penalty for violation of the requirements for handling food and materials and articles intended to come into contact with food is a fine of up to 200 fine units.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (2) The penalty for the same act committed by a legal person is a fine of up to 2000 euros.
[RT I 2010, 22, 108 – entry into force 01.01.2011]

§ 534.  Violation of requirements for self-checking of operator

  [Repealed – RT I, 12.07.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.01.2015]

§ 535.  Violation of requirements for presentation of information

 (1) The penalty for violation of the requirements for provision of food information is a fine of up to 150 fine units.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (2) The penalty for the same act committed by a legal person is a fine of up to 1300 euros.
[RT I 2010, 22, 108 – entry into force 01.01.2011]

§ 536.  Giving false information about food

 (1) The penalty for presentation of false information about the composition or properties of food, the content of food additives, contaminants or micro-organisms in food, or other requirements, or presentation of false information in accompanying documents, sales documents or other certification documents is a fine of up to 250 fine units.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (2) The penalty for the same act committed by a legal person is a fine of up to 2600 euros.
[RT I 2010, 22, 108 – entry into force 01.01.2011]

§ 537.  Procedure

 (1) [Repealed – RT I, 12.07.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.01.2015]

 (2) The Veterinary and Food Board or a court may, in accordance with the provisions of § 83 of the Penal Code, apply confiscation of a substance or an object which was the direct object of the commission of a misdemeanour provided for in subsections 2 and 4 of § 532.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]

 (3) The extrajudicial proceedings of the misdemeanours provided for in §§ 531 –536 of this Act are conducted by:
 1) the Veterinary and Food Board;
 2) [Repealed – RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]
 3) [Repealed – RT I, 08.01.2020, 1 – entry into force 17.01.2020]

 (4) Extrajudicial proceedings involving the misdemeanours provided for in §§ 533, 535 and 536 of this Act are carried out by the Agricultural Board regarding the conformity with the marketing standards for fruit and vegetables specified in § 61 of the European Union Common Agricultural Policy Implementation Act.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 54.  [Repealed – RT I 2002, 63, 387 – entry into force 01.09.2002]

§ 55.  [Repealed – RT I 2002, 63, 387 – entry into force 01.09.2002]

§ 56.  [Repealed – RT I 2002, 63, 387 – entry into force 01.09.2002]

Chapter 11 IMPLEMENTING PROVISIONS 

§ 57. – § 62. [Omitted from this text.]

§ 63.  Recognition of operational establishments and validity of national activity licences

  [Repealed – RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

§ 631.  Notification and approval of establishment where food is handled on 1 July 2006

 (1) In accordance with § 7 of this Act, a competent supervisory authority is notified not later than by 1 November 2006,of an establishment or business where food is handled on 1 July 2006 and which, as of this date is subject to notification and which has not been approved.

 (2) An establishment or business that is subject to notification as of 1 July 2006 but has been approved before such date is deemed to be notified in accordance with § 7 of this Act.

 (3) An establishment or business which is subject to approval as of 1 July 2006 which has been approved on the basis of and in accordance with the procedure provided by legislation in force until 1 January 2006 is deemed to be approved on the basis of and in accordance with the procedure provided by legislation in force as of 1 January 2006.

 (4) A decision of temporary approval made before 1 July 2006 is deemed to be the decision of conditional approval within the meaning of subsection 2 of § 10 of this Act.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 632.  Submission of information about group of materials and articles intended to come into contact with food with regard to such establishment or business whose respective activities have been registered in register of economic activities as of 1 January 2010

  In the event of an establishment or business specified in Article 2(2)(c) of Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the undertaking, whose respective activities have been registered in the register of economic activities on the basis of the Trading Act as of 1 January 2010, submits information about the group of materials and articles intended to come into contact with food so that it could be registered in the register of economic activities by 1 June 2010.
[RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 01.01.2010]

§ 633.  Border control post and place of supervision included in list of border control posts and places of supervision over imported food before 1 January 2010

  A border control post or a place of supervision included in the list of border control posts and places of supervision over imported food before 1 January 2010 remains in the list until the Veterinary and Food Board has made a decision to exclude the border control post or the place of supervision from the list.
[RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 01.01.2010]

§ 634.  Places of performance of official controls

  [RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]
Places of exercises supervision included in the list of border control posts and places of exercising supervision over imported food are considered places of performance of official controls.

§ 64.  [Omitted from this text]

§ 65.  Reorganisation of work of supervisory authorities

 (1) The Government of the Republic completes the reorganisation of the work of supervisory authorities under this Act by 1 January 2001.

 (2) Until reorganisation, supervisory authorities perform their current duties, unless otherwise provided by other Acts.

§ 651.  [Repealed – RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

§ 652.  Validity of authority of laboratory

  The authority to analyse samples taken in course of supervision granted to a laboratory by a directive of the minister responsible for the field before 1 July 2007 is valid until granting new authority or refusal to grant it by the Veterinary and Food Board, but not longer than until 1 January 2008.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

§ 653.  Applicability of special requirements for labelling food for particular nutritional uses and provision of information in another manner

  The special requirements and procedure for labelling food for particular nutritional uses, including for medical purposes, and for provision of information in another manner, which were established on the basis of the wording of subsection 5 of § 38 of this Act in force until 13 December 2014 remains in force until 20 July 2016.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

§ 654.  Validity of requirements for the composition and quality of food for particular nutritional uses, requirements for substances used for making food for particular nutritional uses, requirements for handling food for particular nutritional uses, and requirements for provision of food information

 (1) Requirements for the composition and quality of food for particular nutritional uses, requirements for substances used for making food for particular nutritional uses, requirements for handling food for particular nutritional uses, and requirements for provision of food information are established by the minister responsible for the field for a term of validity until the date of commencement of application of the legal instrument established on the basis of Article 11(1) of Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the conditions provided for in the same legal instrument.

 (2) Upon establishment of the requirements provided for in subsection 1 of this section, the purpose of use of the food for special nutritional uses and the special characteristics of the food groups are taken into account.
[RT I, 15.06.2016, 1 – entry into force 20.07.2016]

§ 655.  Notification of infant formula, food for special medical purposes and food for special nutritional uses with very low energy content

  Notification of placing an infant formula, food for special medical purposes and food for special nutritional uses with very low energy content on the market for the first time is subject to the wording of subsections 51 and 53 of § 14 of the Food Act in force until 19 July 2016.It is applied until the date of commencement of application of the legal instrument established on the basis of Article 11(1) of Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the conditions provided for in the same legal instrument.
[RT I, 15.06.2016, 1 – entry into force 20.07.2016]

§ 656.  Application of hourly rate

  Until 31 December 2019, an hourly fee is charged for performing food supervision activities at the rate set for 2019 in subsection 5 of § 493 of this Act.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 66.  Entry into force of Act

 (1) This Act enters into force on 1 January 2000, except the provisions delegating authority, which enter into force at the time provided for in subsection 2 of this section, and § 34 and subsection 2 of § 52 which enter into force on 1 January 2002, and subsection 1 of § 52 which enters into force on 1 July 2000.

 (2) The provisions which delegate authority to issue regulations of the Government of the Republic or ministers and which are contained in this Act enter into force on the tenth day after the publication of the Act in the Riigi Teataja. A regulation issued on the basis of provisions delegating authority is not enforced before the entry into force of this Act.

Issuer:Riigikogu
Type:act
In force from:17.01.2020
In force until: In force
Translation published:13.01.2020

Chapter 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS 

§ 1.  Scope of application of Act

 (1) This Act provides the grounds for handling food and raw material, the self-checking of an operator, and state supervision in order to ensure food safety and the compliance of food with other requirements. Where appropriate, the provisions of this Act also apply to the materials and articles specified in Article 1(2) of Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on materials and articles intended to come into contact with food and repealing Directives 80/590/EEC and 89/109/EEC (OJ L 338, 13.11.2004, pp. 4–17).

 (2) This Act does not apply to the activities intended for private domestic use or consumption provided for in Article 1(3) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 laying down the general principles and safety requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety (OJ L 031, 01.02.2002, pp. 1‑24). This Act also does not apply to the activities provided in Article 1(3) of such Regulation where such activities are performed with the purpose of teaching students in educational establishments or for teaching, developing or assisting persons staying in welfare institutions.

 (3) This Act does not apply to narcotic and psychotropic substances, tobacco, tobacco products and to the medicinal products specified in the Medicinal Products Act.

 (4) This Act applies to the handling of alcohol and water insofar as the handling of alcohol and water is not regulated by other legislation.

 (5) The provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act apply to the administrative proceedings laid down in the legislation of the European Union and in this Act, taking account of the specifications of Regulation (EU) 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council on official controls and other official activities performed to ensure the application of food and feed law, rules on animal health and welfare, plant health and plant protection products, amending Regulations (EC) No 999/2001, (EC) No 396/2005, (EC) No 1069/2009, (EC) No 1107/2009, (EU) No 1151/2012, (EU) No 652/2014, (EU) 2016/429 and (EU) 2016/2031 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Regulations (EC) No 1/2005 and (EC) No 1099/2009 and Council Directives 98/58/EC, 1999/74/EC, 2007/43/EC, 2008/119/EC and 2008/120/EC, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 854/2004 and (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Directives 89/608/EEC, 89/662/EEC, 90/425/EEC, 91/496/EEC, 96/23/EC, 96/93/EC and 97/78/EC and Council Decision 92/438/EEC (Official Controls Regulation) (OJ L 95, 07.04.2017, pp. 1–142), other legislation of the European Union and this Act.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (51) In events provided for in an international agreement, this Act applies with the differences arising from the agreement.
[RT I, 01.06.2013, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2013]

 (6) The Government of the Republic or the minister responsible for the field may establish, within the limits of their competence, legislation for taking measures relating to food in matters that, in accordance with the legislation of the European Union, a Member State has the right to decide.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 2.  Food

  For the purposes of this Act, ‘food’ means a substance or product specified in Article 2 of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 3.  Primary production and primary product

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘primary production’ means an activity specified in Article 3(17) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (2) For the purposes of this Act, ‘primary product’ means products specified in Article 2(1) of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the hygiene of foodstuffs (OJ L 139, 30.04.2004, pp. 1-54).
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 4.  [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 5.  [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 6.  Operator and food handling

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘operator’ means a person specified in Article 3(13) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council

 (2) For the purposes of this Act, ‘handling of food’ (hereinafter handling) means an activity within the stages or production, processing and distribution of food provided in Article 3(16) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (3) For the purposes of this Act, ‘retail’ means an activity specified in Article 3(7) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

Chapter 2 NOTIFICATION AND LICENCE OBLIGATION 
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 - entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 7.  Notification obligation

 (1) A notice of economic activities must be submitted to the Veterinary and Food Board for:
 1) handling food in an establishment specified in Article 6(2) of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council;
 2) manufacture, processing and distribution of food contact materials and articles in a business specified in Article 2(2)(c) of Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (2) In addition to the data specified in the General Part of the Economic Activities Code Act, the notice of economic activities must set out the following:
 1) in the case of the field of activity specified in clause 1 of subsection 1 of this section, information about the field of handling and the food group;
 2) in the case of the field of activity specified in clause 2 of subsection 1 of this section, information about the group of the food contact materials and articles.

 (3) A detailed list of the fields of handling and food groups specified in clause 1 of subsection 2 of this section, whereby the operator must submit a notice of economic activities, is established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.

 (4) A notice of economic activities does not need to be submitted for commencement of economic activities in the field of activity specified in clause 1 of subsection 2 of this section where:
 1) an activity licence must be held in accordance with § 8 of this Act or Article 6(3)(b) or (c) of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council in order to handle food in the establishment;
 2) in accordance with Article 1(2)(c) of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council or Article 1(3)(c) of Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin (OJ L 139, 30.04.2004, pp. 55–205), the requirements established by such Regulations do not apply to the establishment;
 3) the business whose livestock building or facility or an area enclosed for the keeping of animals has been registered in the register of farm animals on the basis of the Infectious Animal Disease Control Act;
 4) the operator holds an activity licence for handling medicinal products.

 (5) A notice of economic activities does not need to be submitted in order to commence economic activities in the field of activity specified in clause 2 of subsection 1 of this section where the business specified in Article 2(2)(c) of Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council must be reported in accordance with clause 1 of subsection 1 of § 7 of this Act or where the business must hold a food handling activity licence in accordance with § 8 of this Act.

 (6) The information specified in this section is entered in the national register of food and feed business operators under § 23 of the Feed Act.

 (7) The operator does not have to pay a state fee for entering the information contained in a notice of economic activities specified in subsection 1 of this section in the national register of food and feed business operators.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 8.  Licence obligation

 (1) The operator must hold an activity licence for handling food in the following establishments and businesses:
 1) an establishment specified in Article 6(3)(b) and (c) of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council;
 2) an establishment that handles primary products of animal origin in a manner that does not alter the initial shape or characteristics thereof, except an establishment that engages in the primary production of such products and the producer takes steps within the meaning of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, or that engaged in the carriage of food;
 3) an establishment where the initial shape and qualities of primary products of non-animal origin change in the course of handling, except the establishments specified in Chapter III of Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council;
 4) an establishment where food is processed, including produced, or packaged, except for the packaging of primary products of non-animal origin and the establishments specified in Chapter III of Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council;
 5) an establishment where food of animal origin is handled and marketed to another operator and that is specified in Chapter III of Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council;
 6) a business engaged in storing food which must be stored at temperatures different from the room temperature in order to ensure food safety;
 7) an establishment that engages in retail trade and handles food that, for the purposes of food safety, must be kept at a temperature different from the room temperature, except the establishments specified in Chapter III of Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council;
 8) a business that engages in supplying food of animal origin, which does not comply with the requirements of the legislation of the European Union (hereinafter non-compliant food of animal origin), to a ship that engaged in international shipping outside the territorial waters of the European Union;
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 2 – entry into force 01.07.2014]
 9) a business that engages in supplying non-compliant food of animal origin in a free zone or customs warehouse.
[RT I, 16.06.2017, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2017]

 (2) An activity licence gives the operator the right to commence and pursue economic activities only in or with regard to the establishment or business specified in the activity licence.
[RT I, 25.03.2011, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014 (entry into force amended – RT I, 22.12.2013, 1)]

 (3) A detailed list of the fields of handling and the food groups whereby the operator must hold an activity licence is established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 9.  Applying for activity licence

 (1) An application for an activity licence is reviewed by the Veterinary and Food Board.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (2) In addition to the information required in the General Part of the Economic Activities Code Act, an application for an activity licence must contain the following data and documents:
 1) the list of the food groups for the handling of which the activity licence is being applied for;
 2) the site map of the establishment or business along with the layout of the outdoor water supply and sewerage lines;
 3) the layout of the rooms along with the layout of the machinery, equipment and indoor water supply and sewerage lines. All the water points must be numbered in the layout of the water supply network. The layout of the rooms must indicate paths of movement of food, packaging materials, waste and staff;
 4) information on the finishing materials used in the handling rooms;
 5) the numeric values of the relevant regulated parameter of the rooms with a regulated temperature or the rooms with relative humidity or the rooms with regulated temperature and relative humidity;
 6) the technological scheme of the handling process along with parameters that are of relevance from the point of view of food safety and a short description of the technology;
 7) the designed and planned or actual handling capacity, including the capacity of the storage facilities;
 8) the test protocols of the water used in the business, which focus on the indicators investigated in the course of regular examination of the drinking water prescribed by subsection 2 of § 13 of the Water Act. the test protocols must be issued for analysing the drinking water by an accredited laboratory;
 8) the test protocols of the water used in the business, which focus on the indicators investigated in the course of regular examination of the drinking water prescribed by subsection 2 of § 13 of the Water Act. the test protocols must be issued for analysing the drinking water by an accredited laboratory;
[RT I, 22.02.2019, 1 – entry into force 01.10.2019]
 9) the cleaning and disinfection plan that contains information on the measures taken and substances used for cleaning and disinfecting the equipment and rooms;
 10) the pest control plan that contains information on the measures taken for controlling pest;
 11) the plan for the collection, removal and inactivation of food waste, by-products not used for food and other waste, which contains information on the measures taken for colleting, removing and inactivating these;
 12) the food hygiene training plan of the employees coming into contact with food;
 13) information on the means of transport used for the carriage of food and a description of cleaning the means of transport and circulating transportation packaging.
[RT I, 25.03.2011, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014 (entry into force amended – RT I, 22.12.2013, 1)]

 (3) The information specified in this section is entered in the national register of food and feed business operators under § 23 of the Feed Act.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (4) The operator does not have to pay a state fee for a review of an application for the activity licence specified in subsection 1 of § 8 of this Act.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 10.  Object of control of activity licence

  An activity licence is granted to an operator where the establishment or business used by it for handing food complies with the requirements established in Regulations (EC) No 852/2004 and 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and in other relevant food-related legislation.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 101.  Secondary conditions of activity licence

  The following secondary conditions apply to an activity licence:
 1) the field of handling;
 2) the food group.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 11.  Suspension and revocation of decision to approve

  [Repealed – RT I, 25.03.2011, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014 (entry into force amended – RT I, 22.12.2013, 1)]

Chapter 3 REQUIREMENTS FOR FOOD 

§ 12.  General requirements

  [RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (1) Food to be placed on the market must be safe for human health and comply with other requirements provided for in this Act and other legislation (hereinafter compliant).

 (2) Food must not contain parasites, pests or foreign substances that harm the properties of the food or endanger human health.

 (3) It is prohibited to handle food which is spoilt or contaminated or which does not comply with microbiological requirements, or food spoilt as a result of the use of an unsuitable manufacturing process or due to odour, flavour, colour or other circumstances which are not characteristic of the food.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (4) In addition to the provisions of this Chapter, food must comply with the composition and quality requirements characteristic of the food. The composition and quality requirements per food group is established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (5) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 13.  Novel food and genetically modified food

 (1) A novel food within the meaning of Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 of the European Parliament and of the Council on novel foods, amending Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Regulation (EC) No 258/97 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Regulation (EC) No 1852/2001 (OJ L 327, 11.12.2015, pp 1–22) may be placed on the market only in compliance with the requirements of the Regulation.

 (2) Genetically modified organisms and genetically modified food used for human consumption within the meaning of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council on genetically modified food and feed(OJ L 268, 18.10.2003, pp 1–23) may be placed on the market only in compliance with the requirements of the said Regulation.

 (3) The Veterinary and Food Board is the competent agency within the meaning of Article 5(2) of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 10.11.2017, 2 – entry into force 01.01.2018]

§ 14.  Food for particular nutritional uses

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘food for particular nutritional uses’ means an infant formula, follow-on formula, processed cereal-based food, baby food, food for special medical purposes and total diet replacement for weight control set out in Articles 2(2)(c)–(h) of Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on food intended for infants and young children, food for special medical purposes, and total diet replacement for weight control and repealing Council Directive 92/52/EEC, Commission Directives 96/8/EC, 1999/21/EC, 2006/125/EC and 2006/141/EC, Directive 2009/39/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Regulations (EC) No 41/2009 and (EC) No 953/2009 (OJ L 181, 29.06.2013, pp. 35–56).

 (2) The person who is responsible for placing on the Estonian market for the first time such a food for particular nutritional uses, which is subject to the notification requirement under Article 11(1)(d) of Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council, must inform the Veterinary and Food Board not later than on the day of placing the food on the market, submitting the labelling used in the case of the food for particular nutritional uses to be placed on the market along with the notification that contains at least the following information:
 1) the name, address of the residence or seat, and telecommunications numbers of the person responsible for placing the food for particular nutritional uses on the market;
 2) the name of the food;
 3) the date of placing the food for particular nutritional uses on the Estonian market.

 (3) The Veterinary and Food Board may request that the person responsible for placing the food for particular nutritional purposes on the market submit additional scientific data that confirm the existence of the special characteristics of the food.Where this information is public, a reference to a relevant publication or other permanent place of access is sufficient.
[RT I, 15.06.2016, 1 – entry into force 20.07.2016]

§ 141.  Food supplement

 (1) ‘Food supplement’ means food the purpose of which is to attribute to the food for normal consumption and which is a concentrated source of nutrients or other substances with nutrient or physiological effect. These substances may be presented individually or in combinations and are placed on the market in sales packaging and in specified doses, such as capsules, pastilles, tablets and other similar products, as well as sachets of powder, ampoules with liquid, drop-bottles, etc., designed for using liquid or powder in small measured quantities.

 (2) When a food supplement is placed on the market for the first time in Estonia, the person responsible for placing it on the market informs the Veterinary and Food Board thereof not later than on the day when it is placed on the market by delivering the specimen of labelling to be used with the food supplement, together with the notice containing at least the following information:
 1) the name, address of the residence or seat, and telecommunications numbers of the person responsible for placing the food for particular nutritional uses on the market;
 2) name of the food supplement;
 3) the date of placing the food supplement on the market in Estonia.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

§ 15.  Frozen food

 (1) ‘Frozen food’ means food that has been subjected to a freezing process and then stored at the temperature prescribed for the food or raw material for food. In order to ensure the compliance of such food with the requirements, the period of freezing must be as short as possible.

 (2) The requirements provided for in Regulations (EC) No 852/2004 and 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and in other legislation and the special requirements for handling frozen food established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field must be observed during handling frozen food.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

§ 16.  Food additive

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘food additive’ means a substance specified in Article 3(2)(a) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on food additives (OJ L 354, 31.12.2008, pp. 16–33).
[RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 20.01.2010]

 (2) It is permitted to use a food additive in accordance with the requirements provided for in Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 12.02.2013, 3 – entry into force 22.02.2013]

 (3) [Repealed – RT I, 12.02.2013, 3 – entry into force 01.06.2013]

 (4) Food additive that comply with the requirements provided for in Commission Regulation (EU) No 231/2012, laying down specifications for food additives listed in Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 83, 22.03.2012, pp. 1–295), are permitted in food.
[RT I, 12.02.2013, 3 – entry into force 22.02.2013]

§ 17.  Artificial flavourings

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘artificial flavourings’ means products specified in Article 3(2)(a) of Regulation (EC) No 1334/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on flavourings and certain food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods and amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 1601/91, Regulations (EC) No 2232/96 and (EC) No 110/2008 and Directive 2000/13/EC.
[RT I, 12.02.2013, 3 – entry into force 22.02.2013]

 (11) Artificial flavourings may be used in food in accordance with the requirements provided for in Regulation (EC) No 1334/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 12.02.2013, 3 – entry into force 22.02.2013]

 (2) The competent authority within the meaning of Article 7(2) of Regulation (EC) No 2065/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council on smoke flavourings used or intended for use in or on foods (OJ L 309, 26.11.2003, pp. 1–8) is the Veterinary and Food Board.
[RT I, 19.01.2011, 21 – entry into force 20.01.2011]

§ 18.  Processing aid

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘processing aid’ means substances specified in Article 3(2)(a) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 12.02.2013, 3 – entry into force 22.02.2013]

 (2) The requirements for processing aids, the conditions and methods of use thereof and the permitted levels of residue content in food are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

§ 19.  Contaminant

 (1) ‘Contaminant’ means a substance which is present in food as a result of substances used in the primary production, or which is present during handling or as a result of environmental contamination, and which may endanger human health or harm the properties of the food.

 (2) [Repealed – RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

 (3) The minister responsible for the field may establish the list and levels of permitted contaminants by food groups. The minister responsible for the field establishes the procedure for the regulation of the state supervision of contaminants in order to ensure the safety of food of animal origin.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 20.  Food counterfeiting

 (1) It is prohibited to counterfeit food and handle counterfeit food.

 (2) The following is deemed to be counterfeiting:
 1) alteration of the composition of food without alteration of the labelling;
 2) alteration of labelling without alteration of the actual composition;
 3) addition of other substances in any manner to food or processing food with such substances in order to conceal the lower value of the food or non-compliance of the food with the requirements;
 31) non-compliant use of a health mark or identification mark on the labelling;
 4) handling during which the business name or trade mark of another undertaking is used without the permission of the undertaking.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

Chapter 4 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR HANDLING 

§ 21.  Ensuring compliance of food upon handling

 (1) Handling must be carried out in compliance with the requirements provided for in this Act and other legislation and during handling it must be ensured that the food which is obtained complies with the requirements.

 (2) During handling it is prohibited to use substances or materials whose composition or effect on humans is not known, which do not conform to the requirements provided for in legislation, or the use of which is prohibited by legislation.

 (3) It is prohibited to store substances and materials which may cause the contamination of food or harm the properties thereof at handling sites.

 (4) Where, as a result of examinations, the harmfulness of a treatment or substance to human health becomes evident, it is prohibited to use it upon handling food. The list of treatments and substances that are prohibited upon handling food is established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field. Special handling requirements for treatments and substances which may be used upon handling food in certain events and the requirements that set out the permitted events and the manner of use of such treatments and substances are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

§ 22.  Duties of operator upon handling

  [RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (1) An operator is responsible for the compliance of handled food and handling with the requirements, and is required to seize every opportunity in order to ensure such compliance.

 (2) An operator must observe the storage requirements which are set out on the packaging or in the accompanying document of food and which are determined by the producer or processor, including the manufacturer or packager of the food, on the basis of shelf life tests or the storage requirements for food established by the minister responsible for the field. The minister responsible for the field establishes storage requirements per food group based on the potential hazard to human health caused by the food. The procedure for conducting shelf life tests is established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (3) An operator must not accept, use during handling or distribute food that does not comply with the requirements.

 (4) It is prohibited to use food of animal origin where the animal has been treated with medicinal products or substances having a hormonal action and the withdrawal period after use thereof has not ended.
[RT I 2008, 16, 115 – entry into force 21.04.2008]

 (5) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (6) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (7) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 23.  Traceability of food

  An operator must guarantee the traceability of food in accordance with Article 18 of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 24.  Technical description of food

 (1) Upon preparation of food, except preparation of food marketed only on the premises of mass caterers, an operator must observe the requirements of the technical description of food which is selected or prepared by the operator.

 (2) For the purposes of this Act, ‘technical description of food’ means any document which describes the properties and preparation of the food and contains the following information concerning the food:
 1) the name;
 2) the properties of the finished product and of the ingredients thereof;
 3) the manufacturing process used, above all, the aspects which are significant for food safety;
 4) the methods of assessment of compliance with the requirements;
 5) the description of the packaging and food information.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (3) A technical description prepared by an operator and amendments made thereto are prepared as a document which sets out, in addition to the information specified in subsection 2 of this section, the date of its preparation and the name and official title of the person who approved the document by their signature.
[RT I 2001, 93, 566 – entry into force 01.01.2002]

§ 25.  Conditions of business

 (1) The technical conditions and organisation of work of establishments and businesses must enable observance of the requirements provided for in this Act and other legislation.

 (2) Where circumstances become evident which bring about or may bring about changes to these conditions to an extent that means that food safety is not ensured, an operator must promptly notify the Veterinary and Food Board thereof.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]

 (3) The building and room used for storing the non-compliant food of animal origin of an enterprise or business specified in clause 8 or 9 of subsection 1 of § 8 of this Act must comply with the following requirements:
 1) depending on the type and kind of the stored food of animal origin, the building must be suitable for storing such food of animal origin and comply with the requirements established in Regulations (EC) No 852/2004 and 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and in other relevant food-related legislation;
 2) the building has, depending on the type and kind of the stored food of animal origin, a separate room for storing the non-compliant food of animal origin;
 3) the building has a separate room for veterinary supervision officials and is equipped with means of communication such as the telephone and fax;
 4) the building is located in a closed territory that has an entrance and exit that is permanently controlled by the person in charge or, in the case of a warehouse located in a free zone, the entire zone is closed and under permanent customs control.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 2 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (4) Non-compliant food of animal origin may be stored in the same room with compliant food of animal origin only where the non-compliant food of animal origin is kept separately in the locked part of the same room.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 2 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 26.  Food hygiene

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘food hygiene’ means the measures and conditions specified in Article 2(1) of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (2) Food hygiene requirements are established by Regulations (EC) No 852/2004 and 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (3) The Ministry of Rural Affairs establishes food hygiene requirements in issues that, in accordance with the Regulations specified in subsection 2 of this section, Member States have the right to decide, or other relevant requirements. Food hygiene requirements or other relevant requirements may also establish the small quantities specified in Article 1 of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 and Article 1 Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, and to determine local regions.

 (4) The Veterinary and Food Board is the competent agency within the meaning of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 and Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]

 (5) In following the food hygiene requirements, operators may take guidance from the guidelines for good hygiene practice (hereinafter guidelines) compiled by an operator, association of operators or any other interested party in cooperation with other relevant parties. The guidelines are prepared taking account of the standards of Codex Alimentarius that is the common standards programme of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations Organisation and of the World Health Organisation (WHO).

 (6) The conformity of the recommendations provided by the guidelines referred to in subsection 5 of this section to food hygiene requirements is assessed by the Veterinary and Food Board who has the right to propose amendments to the guidelines.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]

 (7) The person specified in subsection 5 of this section submits the guidelines which have been declared to comply with the requirements set out in Article 7 of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council to the Ministry of Rural Affairs who forwards it, in the events specified in the Regulation, to the European Commission.

§ 27.  Employee of establishment or business

 (1) An operator is required to explain the handling requirements arising from legislation to an employee and verify compliance therewith.

 (2) An employee who handles food must have professional knowledge and know and observe the food hygiene requirements.

 (3) An employee who does not directly handle food must know and adhere to the food hygiene requirements to the extent necessary to ensure food safety.

 (4) An operator must organise the supervision of an employee with regard to food hygiene.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 28.  Medical examination of employee

  [RT I, 04.12.2015, 1 – entry into force 01.01.2017]
The Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Act applies to the medical examination of an employee.
[RT I, 04.12.2015, 1 – entry into force 01.01.2017]

§ 29.  Food hygiene training in establishment or business

 (1) An operator must prepare a plan concerning food hygiene training for the employees of the establishment or business who come into contact with food, setting out the purposes, scope, timetable and procedure of the training.

 (2) On the basis of a training plan, an operator must periodically organise food hygiene training that corresponds to the duties of the employees and assess the knowledge of the employees concerning food hygiene.

 (3) The execution of the training plan is monitored by the law enforcement authority that has the right to make proposals for amendment of the training plan and give explanations concerning drawing up the plan.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (4) The requirements provided for in subsections 1–3 of this section do not apply to producers to whom the requirements of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council apply, or to producers to whom the requirements of Regulations (EC) No 852/2004 and (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council do not apply, unless otherwise provided by other Acts or legislation established on the basis thereof.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 30.  Cleaning, disinfection and pest control

  [RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (1) In order to clean and disinfect an establishment or business and its territory, premises, machinery and handling equipment and in order to conduct pest control, an operator must use only such equipment, substances and methods which do not cause the contamination of food, harm the properties thereof or endanger human health. Cleaning products, disinfectants and pest control products must be used in accordance with the instructions prepared by the producer of such products.

 (2) [Repealed – RT I 2001, 93, 566 – entry into force 01.01.2002]

§ 31.  Materials and articles intended to come into contact with food

 (1) Materials and articles intended to come into contact with food must not cause the contamination of food, harm the properties thereof or endanger human health and must comply with the requirements for materials and articles permitted to come into contact with food.

 (2) The requirements for materials and articles permitted to come into contact with food, the special requirements for the groups thereof and the methods for testing the safety of such materials and articles are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (3) [Repealed – RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (4) [Repealed – RT I, 29.06.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 32.  Water used

  [RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (1) An establishment or business must have an adequate supply of water which complies with the requirements for drinking water established on the basis of the Water Act (hereinafter drinking water).

 (2) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 33.  [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

Chapter 5 SELF-CHECKING OF OPERATOR 

§ 34.  Self-checking requirement

 (1) An operator is required to verify the compliance of food and the handling thereof with the requirements (hereinafter self-checkin g) and to implement measures in order to ensure such verification. Measures to be implemented are described in a self-check plan. Self-checking together with a self-check plan drawn up in writing forms a self-checking system.

 (2) An operator determines the stages of handling which are significant in terms of food safety, including critical control points, monitors them and registers the results of the monitoring in accordance with the requirements of Article 5 of Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (3) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (4) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (5) [Repealed – RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 01.01.2010]

 (51) In the event of analysis of samples collected in the framework of self-checking, a relevant quality system is applied.
[RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 01.01.2010]

 (6) [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 35.  Declaration of conformity

 (1) A declaration of conformity that certifies the compliance of food with the requirements is a written document issued by the producer of the food that confirms that the food complies with the requirements provided for in legislation or other requirements. A declaration of conformity is issued at the request of an operator who further handles the food.

 (2) A declaration of conformity confirms that the food complies with the requirements specified in the declaration, provided that the requirements set out by the issuer are observed during further handling.

 (3) A declaration of conformity is issued for a specified period for continual preparation of the same food or with regard to a lot. An amount of food that is produced, prepared or packed under the same conditions and with the same name and properties is deemed to be a lot. Each lot must have specific identification.

 (4) Where a declaration of conformity is issued for the continual preparation of food, the lots included therein must be related to the declaration of conformity. A declaration of conformity issued with regard to a lot must include a reference to the specific lot.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 36.  Content of declaration of conformity

  A declaration of conformity must contain the following information:
 1) the name of the issuer, the address of the seat of the issuer and the mark of identification of the declaration of conformity;
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]
 2) the name of the food and other information necessary for determination of the food;
 3) a reference to the requirements to which conformity is proved;
 4) the date of issue and the name, signature and position of the person who issued the declaration of conformity.

§ 37.  Certification

 (1) Certification is a procedure which is organised by an independent third party (hereinafter certification body) on the basis of a written application from an operator in order to prove the compliance of the quality system of the operator or the compliance of a specific handled food with the requirements, in respect of which the application for proof of conformity is made.

 (2) Certification is optional and an operator who applies for certification bears the expenses of certification.

 (3) Where certification provides a positive result, the certification body issues a certificate of conformity that confirms the compliance of the food or the quality system with the requirements.

Chapter 6 PRESENTATION OF INFORMATION 

§ 38.  Requirements for information

 (1) ‘Food information’ means information specified in Article 2(2)(a) of Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the provision of food information to consumers, amending Regulations (EC) No 1924/2006 and (EC) No 1925/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council, and repealing Commission Directive 87/250/EEC, Council Directive 90/496/EEC, Commission Directive 1999/10/EC, Directive 2000/13/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Commission Directives 2002/67/EC and 2008/5/EC and Commission Regulation (EC) No 608/2004 (OJ L 304, 22.11.2011, pp. 18–63).

 (2) Food information must be true, comply with requirements established by legislation and must not mislead the handler or the consumer. Food which is sold or transferred in some other manner to the consumers must be labelled in a manner that ensures the necessary information about the food.

 (3) In the case of food sold or otherwise delivered to the consumer in Estonia, food information is provided in Estonian, unless the information provided in another language or in another manner is understandable to the consumer.

 (4) The requirements for provision of food information per food group or treatment are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.

 (5) For the purpose of implementation of Articles 44(1)(b) and 44(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the requirements for provision of food information on non-prepackaged food are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.

 (6) The requirements for identification of a lot are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

§ 39.  Restrictions on presentation of information

  [Repealed – RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

§ 391.  [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 40.  Restriction on alteration of labelling

 (1) The alteration of labelling without the alteration of the actual properties of food is deemed to be adulteration of the food, except for the specification of labelling or the correction of misleading labelling.

 (2) It is prohibited to repackage food where the ‘use by’ date or the date of minimum durability is indicated on the sales packaging of the food. The date on the sales packaging must not be altered and the food must not be marketed after the ‘use by’ date has expired.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

Chapter 7 BRINGING FOOD TO ESTONIA AND EXPORT OF FOOD 
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 - entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 41.  Terms of bringing food to Estonia and export of food

  [RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, bringing food to Estonia means an activity specified in Article 3(40) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (11) Bringing food to Estonia and the export of food is permitted through a border control post which is open to international traffic on the basis of the State Borders Act.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (3) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (31) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (32) Where, in accordance with relevant legislation of the European Union, the controls of the compliance of bringing food to Estonia with the rules must be performed at a border control post or at the place of the official controls of imported food, such food may be brought to Estonia only through the border control post determined by the Veterinary and Food Board or a place of official controls of imported food.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (4) The food specified in the list established on the basis of Article 47(2)(a) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council is not subject to the requirements provided for in this Chapter.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 42.  Border control post and place of performing official controls over imported food

  [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 421.  Border control post

 (1) On the basis of an application of the owner or possessor of a border control post opened for international traffic under the State Borders Act, the Veterinary and Food Board designates the border control post through which it is permitted to bring food to Estonia (hereinafter border control post), provided that a Member State has the right to determine the border control post in accordance with the relevant legislation of the European Union.

 (2) The list of border control posts is published on the website of the Veterinary and Food Board in accordance with the requirements of Article 60 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (3) In accordance with Article 59(2) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the Veterinary and Food Board notifies the European Commission of the intent to designate a border control post.

 (4) After receiving a notice specified in paragraphs 3–5 of Article 59 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the Veterinary and Food Board makes a respective decision without delay.

 (5) In an event provided for in Article 62(1) and Articles 63(1) and (4) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the Veterinary and Food Board makes a respective decision and change in the list of border control posts and notifies the European Commission and other Member States thereof in accordance with Articles 62 and 63 of the Regulation.

 (6) The requirements for the contents of an application for the designation of a border control post and the procedure for processing applications set out in subsection 1 of this section are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 422.  Place of official controls of imported food

 (1) On the basis of a person’s application, the Veterinary and Food Board designates a place of official controls of imported food, provided that a Member State has the right to designate it in accordance with the relevant legislation of the European Union. The place of official controls is located in a place accepted by the Tax and Customs Board.

 (2) The list of places of official controls of food imported in accordance with the requirements referred to in Article 53(2) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council is published on the website of the Veterinary and Food Board.

 (3) Where a place of official controls meets the requirements referred to in Article 53(1)(a) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the Veterinary and Food Board makes a decision to designate the place of official controls of imported food.

 (4) Where a place of official controls does not meet the requirements referred to in Article 53(1)(a) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the Veterinary and Food Board makes a decision to refuse to designate the place of official controls of imported food.

 (5) The Veterinary and Food Board makes a decision specified in subsection 3 or 4 of this section within 30 working days after the receipt of an application for the designation of the place of the official controls of imported food.

 (6) In an event provided for in Article 62(1), Articles 63(1) and (4) and Article 53(2) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the Veterinary and Food Board makes a respective decision and change in the list of places of official controls and notifies the European Commission and other Member States thereof in accordance with Articles 62 and 63 of the Regulation.

 (7) The requirements for the contents of an application for the designation of a place of official controls and the procedure for processing applications set out in subsection 1 of this section are established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 43.  Official controls and other official activities in case of export of food

  [RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (1) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (3) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (4) In the event of export of food of Estonian origin, the Veterinary and Food Board issues a document certifying the compliance of the food, provided that the submission of such document is requested in a state located outside the customs territory of the European Union.
[RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 01.01.2010]

§ 44.  Notification of bringing food to Estonia

  [RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (1) The Veterinary and Food Board is informed of the bringing to Estonia of food over which official controls must be performed at a border control post or at a place of official controls of imported food in accordance with the relevant legislation of the European Union at least one working day before the presentation of the food for official controls.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 45.  [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 46.  [Repealed – RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

Chapter 8 OVERALL ORGANISATION OF STATE SUPERVISION 
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 - entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 47.  State and administrative supervision

  [RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (1) The Veterinary and Food Board exercises state and administrative supervision in all spheres of handling and over the materials and articles specified in Article 1(2) of Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

 (2) [Repealed – RT I, 08.01.2020, 1 – entry into force 17.01.2020]

 (3) The Veterinary and Food Board cooperates with the rural municipality or city government in forwarding information concerning events involving handling food which take place within the territory of the rural municipality or city.

 (4) Supervision is exercised in accordance with the supervision provisions of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council and other relevant legislation.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (5) In coordination with relevant ministers, the minister responsible for the field designates the competent authorities responsible for the implementation of the legislation of the European Union, the liaison bodies responsible for coordinating cooperation with the Member States in the field of supervision and other similar authorities, and informs the European Commission of such authorities where designation of such authorities is prescribed by the legislation of the European Union.

 (6) The Veterinary and Food Board is the authority coordinating the preparation of a multiannual national control plan specified in Article 109(2) and of a contingency plan specified in Article 115 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The Veterinary and Food Board submit the multi-annual national control plan and a report on the implementation of the plan to the European Commission in accordance with Article 113 of the Regulation.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (7) The Government of the Republic may establish the procedure for cooperation of law enforcement authorities in preparation of the contingency plan and multi-annual control plan specified in subsection 6 of this section.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 48.  Special measures of state supervision

  [RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (1) The law enforcement authority may, for the purpose of exercising the state supervision provided for in this Act, take special measures of state supervision provided for in §§ 30, 31, 32, 49, 50, 51, 52 and 53 of the Law Enforcement Act on the grounds and in accordance with the procedure provided for in the Law Enforcement Act.

 (2) An expert of the European Commission has the rights specified in subsection 1 of this section upon verification of the compliance of the requirements provided for in the legislation of the European Union on the conditions and in accordance with the procedure established in the legislation of the European Union.

 (3) When non-compliant food is and materials and articles intended to come into contact with non-compliant food are detected, the law enforcement authority takes the measures provided for in Article 138 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (4) When non-compliant food is and materials and articles intended to come into contact with non-compliant food are brought to Estonia, the law enforcement authority takes the measures provided for in Articles 66–69 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 481.  Application of rapid alert system and supervision cooperation with Member States of European Union

 (1) The Estonian liaison body of the rapid alert system referred to in Article 50 of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council is the Veterinary and Food Board.

 (2) Where it has been established in the course of state supervision that the food is directly or indirectly dangerous for human health and it may be placed on the market in any other Member State of the European Union or where such food has been discovered bringing goods to Estonia, the Tax and Customs Board informs the Veterinary and Food Board of the danger and the latter notifies the European Commission through the rapid alert system specified in subsection 1 of this section.
[RT I, 08.01.2020, 1 – entry into force 17.01.2020]

 (3) Where the European Commission has communicated through the rapid alert system referred to in subsection 1 of this section a safety message to the Veterinary and Food Board concerning dangerous food identified in any member state of the European Union, the Veterinary and Food Board forwards this notice to the Tax and Customs Board and the Health Protection Inspectorate.The law enforcement authorities investigate the possible danger in Estonia and inform the Veterinary and Food Board about the results.
[RT I, 08.01.2020, 1 – entry into force 17.01.2020]

 (4) The Veterinary and Food Board is the liaison body of supervisory cooperation within the meaning of Article 103(1) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (5) Other law enforcement authority, administrative body or government agency notifies the Veterinary and Food Board without delay where there is the following possible violation of the rules in connection with food, including food-related information, the handling of food and materials and articles intended to come into contact with food:
 1) a violation that may jeopardise human health or the environment;
 2) a violation that has been committed by knowingly creating a misconception of the actual circumstances.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 49.  Specifics of state supervision

  [RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (1) An official of the law enforcement authority has, upon presentation of their identification, the right to verify:
 1) the state and use of the establishment or business and its territory, premises, machinery, equipment and means of transport;
 2) food ingredients, processing aids and other substances used to prepare food;
 3) food, including during the manufacturing process;
 4) materials and articles intended to come into contact with food;
 5) the equipment, substances and methods of cleaning, disinfection and pest control;
 6) food handling, including the methods for processing, manufacturing and storage of food;
 7) provision of food information.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (2) In addition to the provisions of subsection 1 of this section, the law enforcement authority has the right to:
 1) verify, regardless of whether the medical examination specified in subsection 1 of § 28 of this Act has been undergone, the compliance with hygiene requirements of persons who in the course of their duties come into direct or indirect contact with the items referred to in clauses 2–5 of subsection 1 of this section, including personal cleanliness and clothing, and to assess their knowledge of hygiene;
 2) verify the compliance with the requirement to perform self-checking and to examine the results of self-checking and the results of measurements performed by the measuring instruments installed in the establishment or business, as well as to verify the correctness thereof using the measuring instruments of the law enforcement authority.

 (3) Where only meat is processed in an establishment or business, the operator is required to provide a workstation, equipment and clothing required for exercising supervision.

 (4) Where there is reason to believe that certain food may be harmful to human health or the environment, the head of the appropriate law enforcement authority suspends the handling of such food. The decision is drawn up as a directive of the head of the law enforcement authority, setting out the name of the food and, where necessary, information on the lot concerned, and other information which allows for the identification of the harmful food and the spheres of handling wherein handling must be suspended. The head of the law enforcement authority informs the public of the directive immediately and the information is published on the website of the law enforcement authority.

 (5) The head of the law enforcement authority immediately forwards their directive to the minister responsible for the field who decides the suspension of the handling of the food under the circumstances and on the conditions set out in the directive and establish a corresponding regulation. In addition to the information set out in the directive of the head of the law enforcement authority, the regulation must set out the time limit of the restriction, the obligations of law enforcement authorities and persons, and the manner of eliminating the danger. The directive of the head of the law enforcement authority remains in force until entry into force of the regulation of the minister responsible for the field.

 (6) While a restriction on handling is in force, the appropriate law enforcement authorities, in cooperation with each other, determine the extent of danger, take necessary measures and, after elimination of the danger, the head of the law enforcement authority who issued the directive makes a written proposal to the minister responsible for the field to terminate the suspension of handling and the minister responsible for the field establishes a corresponding regulation.

 (7) Where residential premises are also used as commercial premises, the law enforcement authority may inspect these during the working or opening hours without the authorisation of an administrative court specified in subsection 2 of § 51 of the Law Enforcement Act.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

Chapter 81 FOOD SUPERVISION FEE 
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 - entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 491.  Food supervision fee

 (1) ‘Food supervision fee’ (hereinafter supervision fee) means an amount payable at the rate established in this Act for official controls and other official activities (hereinafter supervisory activity) performed for the purpose of checking the compliance of the establishment, food and food handling of an operator that has a notification obligation and a licence obligation and that has performed such obligation. The supervision fee is also payable for performing a supervision activity relating to materials and articles intended to come into contact with food.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) The supervisory fee is paid for performing a supervisory activity related to food in a retail establishment, except for performing a supervisory activity related to animal products specified in § 4 of the Veterinary Activities Organisation Act.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (3) No supervision fee must be paid for performing a supervision activity relating to primary production.
[RT I 2010, 72, 542 – entry into force 15.10.2010]

 (4) No supervision fee must be paid by an educational establishment, social establishment or health service provider financed from the budget of a state authority or local authority for performing a supervision activity relating to inter-establishment catering.
[RT I 2010, 72, 542 – entry into force 15.10.2010]

§ 492.  Person required to pay supervision fee

 (1) A person required to pay the supervision fee (hereinafter obligated person) is a person with regard to whom a supervision activity specified in § 491 of this Act has been taken.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (2) Multiple obligated persons bear joint and several liability for payment of the supervision fee for a joint supervision activity.
[RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 01.01.2010]

§ 493.  Principles of determination of supervision fee

 (1) The costs specified in Article 81 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, which are related to the performance of the supervision activities of the Veterinary and Food Board serve as the basis for the calculation of the rate of the supervision fee.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) The supervision fee is charged as an hourly fee for the supervision activities performed in accordance with § 491 of this Act, except for making additional laboratory analyses specified in subsection 9 of this section;
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (3) The obligated person must pay an hourly fee for the time spent on performing a supervision activity, but not for more than eight hours per supervision activity. The time spent by the official is calculated with the accuracy of one hour and each commenced hour is deemed the next full hour. The time spent on driving to the place of performing the supervision activities is not taken into account.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (4) The costs specified in Article 81 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, which are related to the performance of the food supervision activities of the Veterinary and Food Board serve as the basis for the calculation of the hourly rate. The pay and administrative costs related to food supervision activities, including laboratory analyses and research are calculated on the basis of the actual costs in the calendar year preceding the activity. The total costs related to food supervision activities in the said period are divided by the work hours spent on the supervision activities performed during the same period, except on carrying out laboratory analyses and research.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (41) Upon calculation of the administrative costs related to the food supervision activities specified in subsection 4 of this section, the costs of additional laboratory analyses specified in subsection 9 are not taken into account.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (5) The rate of the hourly fee to be charged for performing a supervision activity is established annually by the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (6) In the event of food which, under relevant legislation of the European Union, is subject to supervision at a border control post or at a place of official controls of imported food, the obligated person must pay for a supervision activity at an hourly rate per one tariff classification on one customs declaration, plus the price of necessary analyses.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (7) In the course of performing a food supervision activity, the Veterinary and Food Board has the right to charge an additional fee for the waiting time of a late consignment and a supervision activity performed outside the working time at the request of a person as follows:
 1) for the waiting time of a late consignment during the working time, the additional fee is charged as an hourly rate per supervisory official in accordance with subsection 3 of this section;
 2) for the waiting time of a late consignment outside the working time and for a supervision activity performed outside the working time at the request of a person, the additional fee is charged as a double hourly rate per supervisory official in accordance with subsection 3 of this section.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (8) The additional fee paid on the basis of subsection 7 of this section is subject to the procedure provided for in § 494 of this Act.

 (9) In the event specified in Article 79(2)(c) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council the obligated person pays a supervision fee for the performance of additional food supervision activities in the form of an hourly fee in accordance with subsection 3 of this section. Where any additional laboratory analyses need to be carried out in connection with an established violation of the rules, the obligated person pays the supervision fee also to the extent of the total costs of these analyses.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 494.  Payment of supervision fee

 (1) The Veterinary and Food Board makes a decision to collect the supervision fee for food supervision activities performed during the previous calendar month by the fifth date of each calendar month.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (2) A decision to collect the supervision fee is delivered to the obligated person within five working days after the day of making the decision.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (3) An obligated person transfers the supervision fee to the bank account indicated in a decision within ten working days as of obtaining the decision to collect the supervision fee. The obligated person has the right to file an inter-authority appeal against a decision of the Veterinary and Food Board in accordance with the procedure provided for in the Administrative Procedure Act.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (4) In the event of bringing food to Estonia, the obligated person pays the supervision fee in the amount specified in a decision to collect the supervision fee, which was submitted by the Veterinary and Food Board before the goods are placed under a customs procedure.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (5) Upon bringing food to Estonia, the Veterinary and Food Board may discharge the obligated person from paying the supervision fee before placing the goods under a customs procedure, provided that both of the following criteria are met:
 1) the obligated person has presented a sufficient guarantee;
 2) the obligated person has previously paid the supervision fee in the prescribed amount and by the due date.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (6) The procedure for payment, receipt in cash and monitoring of payment of the supervision fee is established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (7) The obligated person pays the amount specified in a precept made for the collection of the overdue supervision fee within ten working days as of the receipt of the precept.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

 (8) In the event of failure to comply with a precept issued for the collection of overdue supervision fee within the time limit indicated in the precept, the Veterinary and Food Board has the right to address an enforcement officer who collects the overdue supervision fee from the obligated person in accordance with the procedure established in the Code of Enforcement Procedure.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 495.  Refund of overpaid supervision fee

 (1) The overpaid supervision fee is refunded where the supervision fee paid exceeds the prescribed amount.

 (2) The obligated person has the right to apply for the refund of overpaid supervision fee within two years as of the date of the payment of the supervision fee.

 (3) To apply for a refund of overpaid supervision fee, the obligated person submits to the Veterinary and Food Board a relevant written application and a document certifying payment of the supervision fee.

 (4) The Veterinary and Food Board makes a decision to refund or to refuse to refund the supervision fee within ten working days as of the receipt of the respective application.

 (5) The supervision fee is not refunded where the person who paid the supervision fee or the person for whom the supervision fee was paid cannot be identified or where the person is not entitled to a refund.

 (6) The procedure for refunding overpaid supervisory fee is established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 50.  Precept of supervisory official

  [Repealed – RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 51.  Contesting precept or decision of supervisory official

  [Repealed – RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 511.  Prohibition on handling food

  [Repealed – RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 512.  Application of rapid alert system and supervision cooperation with Member States of European Union

  [Repealed – RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]

Chapter 9 SAMPLING, ANALYSIS AND LABORATORIES 
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 - entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 513.  Taking and analysis of samples upon performance of official controls and other official activities

  [RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (1) Upon checking a movable in the course of performance of official controls and other official activities, samples may be taken at the expense of the person. Where the checked movable is no longer fit for ordinary use following the check, the cost of the movable or the cost of restoring the movable for ordinary use is not compensated to the person.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) For the purpose of performing controls over the compliance of food and the handling thereof, the requirements for taking and analysing samples are established per food group or determined indicator by a regulation of the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (3) [Repealed – RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (4) A person has the right to demand that, in addition to a sample specified in subsection 1 of this section, an additional sample that remains at the disposal of the person is taken at the expense of the person on the same conditions.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (41) In the event of a dispute between the Veterinary and Food Board and an operator, which arises from a second expert opinion provided for in Article 35 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the operator may at its own cost request a review of the documents of the initial analysis and, where necessary, have a sample specified in subsection 4 of this section be analysed in a second laboratory specified in Article 37(1) of the Regulation.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (5) Regardless of whether a second expert opinion has been requested, the Veterinary and Food Board takes the necessary measures specified in Article 66 or 138 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 52.  Authorisation of laboratory to analyse samples taken upon performing official controls and other official activities

  [RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (1) Samples taken in the course of performance of official controls and other official activities are analysed in a laboratory authorised to conduct relevant analyses (hereinafter authorised laboratory), which complies with the requirements provided for in Article 37 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (11) In events specified in Articles 40 and 42 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, an unaccredited laboratory may be authorised to act as an authorised laboratory.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) [Repealed – RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 01.01.2010]

 (3) The Veterinary and Food Board makes the decision on the granting of authorisation to operate as an authorised laboratory within 20 working days as of the receipt of a written application of the laboratory. The decision to grant authorisation to operate as an authorised laboratory sets out the scope of authority.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]

 (4) The requirements for the content of applications for authorisation to operate as authorised laboratory, the list of documents to be annexed to applications and the procedure for processing applications are established by the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]

 (5) The Veterinary and Food Board may refuse to grant authorisation to operate as an authorised laboratory where the laboratory does not comply with the requirements provided for in Articles 37(4) and (5) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (51) The Veterinary and Food Board revokes the authorisation in the events provided for in Article 39(2) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (6) A state fee must be paid for reviewing of an application for granting of the initial authorisation for a laboratory in accordance with the rates provided in the State Fees Act.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]

§ 53.  Authorisation of reference laboratory

 (1) For the purposes of this Act, ‘national reference laboratory’ (hereinafter reference laboratory) means the laboratory specified in Article 100 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council, which performs the duties of a reference laboratory in the field of food.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (2) A reference laboratory is authorised to operate for each European Union reference laboratory referred to in Article 93(1) of Regulation (EU) No 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

 (3) Authority to operate as a reference laboratory is granted within 20 working days as of the receipt of a written application of the reference laboratory and by a directive of the minister responsible for the field, which sets out the scope of the authority.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

 (4) [Repealed – RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

 (5) A reference laboratory operates on government orders submitted by the minister responsible for the field. Fulfilment of the orders is financed from funds allocated from the state budget to the Ministry of Rural Affairs.

 (6) Where a reference laboratory fails to perform its duties in the manner required, the minister responsible for the field has the right to grant a term of up to three months for the elimination of deficiencies. Where the deficiencies are not eliminated, the authorisation is revoked in part or in full. During the time prescribed for the elimination of deficiencies, the authorisation is deemed to be suspended.

 (7) The requirements for the content of applications for authorisation to operate as reference laboratory, the list of documents to be annexed to applications and the procedure for processing applications are established by the minister responsible for the field.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

 (8) A state fee for reviewing an application for initial authorisation to operate as a reference laboratory must be paid at the rates provided in the State Fees Act.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

Chapter 10 LIABILITY 

§ 531.  Handling food in establishment or business where performance of notification obligation and activity licence are required

 (1) The penalty for the commencement of food handling without the authorisation of a supervisory official in an establishment or business that must hold an activity licence for handling food, as well as after any constructional, technological, work organisation or other reorganisations that altered the conditions existing at the time of receipt of an activity licence, as well as food handling in an establishment or business not specified in a notice of economic activities is a fine of up to 300 fine units.

 (2) The penalty for the same act committed by a legal person is a fine of up to 3200 euros.

 (3) An attempted misdemeanour specified in this section is penalised.
[RT I, 12.07.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.01.2015]

§ 532.  Violation of requirements for food

 (1) The penalty for violation of the requirements for food is a fine of up to 200 fine units.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (2) The penalty for the same act committed in a manner that endangers human health or the environment is a fine of up to 300 fine units.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (3) The penalty for the act specified in subsection 1 of this section, which is committed by a legal person, is a fine of up to 2600 euros.
[RT I 2010, 22, 108 – entry into force 01.01.2011]

 (4) The penalty for the act specified in subsection 2 of this section, which is committed by a legal person, is a fine of up to 3200 euros.
[RT I 2010, 22, 108 – entry into force 01.01.2011]

§ 533.  Violation of requirements for handling food and materials and articles intended to come into contact with food

 (1) The penalty for violation of the requirements for handling food and materials and articles intended to come into contact with food is a fine of up to 200 fine units.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (2) The penalty for the same act committed by a legal person is a fine of up to 2000 euros.
[RT I 2010, 22, 108 – entry into force 01.01.2011]

§ 534.  Violation of requirements for self-checking of operator

  [Repealed – RT I, 12.07.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.01.2015]

§ 535.  Violation of requirements for presentation of information

 (1) The penalty for violation of the requirements for provision of food information is a fine of up to 150 fine units.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

 (2) The penalty for the same act committed by a legal person is a fine of up to 1300 euros.
[RT I 2010, 22, 108 – entry into force 01.01.2011]

§ 536.  Giving false information about food

 (1) The penalty for presentation of false information about the composition or properties of food, the content of food additives, contaminants or micro-organisms in food, or other requirements, or presentation of false information in accompanying documents, sales documents or other certification documents is a fine of up to 250 fine units.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

 (2) The penalty for the same act committed by a legal person is a fine of up to 2600 euros.
[RT I 2010, 22, 108 – entry into force 01.01.2011]

§ 537.  Procedure

 (1) [Repealed – RT I, 12.07.2014, 1 – entry into force 01.01.2015]

 (2) The Veterinary and Food Board or a court may, in accordance with the provisions of § 83 of the Penal Code, apply confiscation of a substance or an object which was the direct object of the commission of a misdemeanour provided for in subsections 2 and 4 of § 532.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]

 (3) The extrajudicial proceedings of the misdemeanours provided for in §§ 531 –536 of this Act are conducted by:
 1) the Veterinary and Food Board;
 2) [Repealed – RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.07.2007]
 3) [Repealed – RT I, 08.01.2020, 1 – entry into force 17.01.2020]

 (4) Extrajudicial proceedings involving the misdemeanours provided for in §§ 533, 535 and 536 of this Act are carried out by the Agricultural Board regarding the conformity with the marketing standards for fruit and vegetables specified in § 61 of the European Union Common Agricultural Policy Implementation Act.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 54.  [Repealed – RT I 2002, 63, 387 – entry into force 01.09.2002]

§ 55.  [Repealed – RT I 2002, 63, 387 – entry into force 01.09.2002]

§ 56.  [Repealed – RT I 2002, 63, 387 – entry into force 01.09.2002]

Chapter 11 IMPLEMENTING PROVISIONS 

§ 57. – § 62. [Omitted from this text.]

§ 63.  Recognition of operational establishments and validity of national activity licences

  [Repealed – RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

§ 631.  Notification and approval of establishment where food is handled on 1 July 2006

 (1) In accordance with § 7 of this Act, a competent supervisory authority is notified not later than by 1 November 2006,of an establishment or business where food is handled on 1 July 2006 and which, as of this date is subject to notification and which has not been approved.

 (2) An establishment or business that is subject to notification as of 1 July 2006 but has been approved before such date is deemed to be notified in accordance with § 7 of this Act.

 (3) An establishment or business which is subject to approval as of 1 July 2006 which has been approved on the basis of and in accordance with the procedure provided by legislation in force until 1 January 2006 is deemed to be approved on the basis of and in accordance with the procedure provided by legislation in force as of 1 January 2006.

 (4) A decision of temporary approval made before 1 July 2006 is deemed to be the decision of conditional approval within the meaning of subsection 2 of § 10 of this Act.
[RT I 2006, 28, 211 – entry into force 01.07.2006]

§ 632.  Submission of information about group of materials and articles intended to come into contact with food with regard to such establishment or business whose respective activities have been registered in register of economic activities as of 1 January 2010

  In the event of an establishment or business specified in Article 2(2)(c) of Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the undertaking, whose respective activities have been registered in the register of economic activities on the basis of the Trading Act as of 1 January 2010, submits information about the group of materials and articles intended to come into contact with food so that it could be registered in the register of economic activities by 1 June 2010.
[RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 01.01.2010]

§ 633.  Border control post and place of supervision included in list of border control posts and places of supervision over imported food before 1 January 2010

  A border control post or a place of supervision included in the list of border control posts and places of supervision over imported food before 1 January 2010 remains in the list until the Veterinary and Food Board has made a decision to exclude the border control post or the place of supervision from the list.
[RT I 2009, 64, 423 – entry into force 01.01.2010]

§ 634.  Places of performance of official controls

  [RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 – entry into force 01.07.2014]
Places of exercises supervision included in the list of border control posts and places of exercising supervision over imported food are considered places of performance of official controls.

§ 64.  [Omitted from this text]

§ 65.  Reorganisation of work of supervisory authorities

 (1) The Government of the Republic completes the reorganisation of the work of supervisory authorities under this Act by 1 January 2001.

 (2) Until reorganisation, supervisory authorities perform their current duties, unless otherwise provided by other Acts.

§ 651.  [Repealed – RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

§ 652.  Validity of authority of laboratory

  The authority to analyse samples taken in course of supervision granted to a laboratory by a directive of the minister responsible for the field before 1 July 2007 is valid until granting new authority or refusal to grant it by the Veterinary and Food Board, but not longer than until 1 January 2008.
[RT I 2007, 22, 114 – entry into force 01.04.2007]

§ 653.  Applicability of special requirements for labelling food for particular nutritional uses and provision of information in another manner

  The special requirements and procedure for labelling food for particular nutritional uses, including for medical purposes, and for provision of information in another manner, which were established on the basis of the wording of subsection 5 of § 38 of this Act in force until 13 December 2014 remains in force until 20 July 2016.
[RT I, 09.10.2014, 1 – entry into force 13.12.2014]

§ 654.  Validity of requirements for the composition and quality of food for particular nutritional uses, requirements for substances used for making food for particular nutritional uses, requirements for handling food for particular nutritional uses, and requirements for provision of food information

 (1) Requirements for the composition and quality of food for particular nutritional uses, requirements for substances used for making food for particular nutritional uses, requirements for handling food for particular nutritional uses, and requirements for provision of food information are established by the minister responsible for the field for a term of validity until the date of commencement of application of the legal instrument established on the basis of Article 11(1) of Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the conditions provided for in the same legal instrument.

 (2) Upon establishment of the requirements provided for in subsection 1 of this section, the purpose of use of the food for special nutritional uses and the special characteristics of the food groups are taken into account.
[RT I, 15.06.2016, 1 – entry into force 20.07.2016]

§ 655.  Notification of infant formula, food for special medical purposes and food for special nutritional uses with very low energy content

  Notification of placing an infant formula, food for special medical purposes and food for special nutritional uses with very low energy content on the market for the first time is subject to the wording of subsections 51 and 53 of § 14 of the Food Act in force until 19 July 2016.It is applied until the date of commencement of application of the legal instrument established on the basis of Article 11(1) of Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the conditions provided for in the same legal instrument.
[RT I, 15.06.2016, 1 – entry into force 20.07.2016]

§ 656.  Application of hourly rate

  Until 31 December 2019, an hourly fee is charged for performing food supervision activities at the rate set for 2019 in subsection 5 of § 493 of this Act.
[RT I, 04.12.2019, 2 – entry into force 14.12.2019]

§ 66.  Entry into force of Act

 (1) This Act enters into force on 1 January 2000, except the provisions delegating authority, which enter into force at the time provided for in subsection 2 of this section, and § 34 and subsection 2 of § 52 which enter into force on 1 January 2002, and subsection 1 of § 52 which enters into force on 1 July 2000.

 (2) The provisions which delegate authority to issue regulations of the Government of the Republic or ministers and which are contained in this Act enter into force on the tenth day after the publication of the Act in the Riigi Teataja. A regulation issued on the basis of provisions delegating authority is not enforced before the entry into force of this Act.

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