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Order of the person in charge of emergency situation for imposing restrictions on the freedom of movement in public places

Issuer:Prime Minister
Type:order
In force from:25.03.2020
Translation published:25.03.2020

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Order of the person in charge of emergency situation for imposing restrictions on the freedom of movement in public places

Passed 24.03.2020 No. 45

Due to the emergency situation declared by the Government of the Republic Order No. 76 “Declaration of an emergency situation in the administrative territory of the Republic of Estonia” of 12 March 2020, the person in charge of emergency situation decides:

1. Under § 31 (3) of the Emergency Act, a restriction on the freedom of movement is imposed as follows:
1) it is prohibited for more than two people to be together and move around in a public place, unless this cannot be reasonably ensured;
2) at least two metres of distance from others must be kept indoors (except in homes) and places intended for public use which mean, above all, stores, outdoor playgrounds and sports grounds, beaches, promenades, health and hiking trails, parks and public transport vehicles, unless this cannot be reasonably ensured.
2. The restriction provided for in clause 1 does not apply to families being and moving around together.
3. Under § 24 (2) of the Emergency Act, the Police and Border Guard Board in cooperation with local authorities shall ensure compliance with the restriction on the freedom of movement provided for in clause 1 according to the conditions set out in this Order.
4. Under § 24 (2) of the Emergency Act, local authorities shall ensure that the residents and undertakings in the territory of their administrative units are notified of the restriction on the freedom of movement provided for in this Order.
5. Said measures shall apply until this Order is changed and the need for these measures shall be assessed no later than after every two weeks.
6. Broadcasters shall publish the Order promptly in unaltered form and free of charge.
7. This Order takes effect on 25 March 2020.

The restrictions on the freedom of movement are imposed because the risk of the virus spreading is very high and therefore, in this current situation where a large number of people are infected, it is proportional to restrict the movement and gathering of people. The restriction on the freedom of movement is necessary for the protection of the life and health of people and overriding public interest in order to prevent the spread of the virus causing the COVID-19 disease. The reasons and considerations are set out in the explanatory memorandum to the Order, which will be published on the website of the Government of the Republic.
Failure to duly comply with measures of emergency situation will prompt the application of the administrative coercive measures set out in § 28 (2) or (3) of the Law Enforcement Act. According to § 47 of the Emergency Act, the amount of penalty payment is 2000 euros.
This Order can be appealed against by filing a challenge pursuant to the procedure provided by the Administrative Procedure Act within 30 days as of the day the relevant person became or should have become aware of the Order. This Order can also be appealed against by filing an action with the administrative court pursuant to the procedure provided for in the Code of Administrative Court Procedure within 30 days as of the day of announcement of this Order.

Jüri Ratas
Person in charge of emergency situation

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