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Order of the person in charge of emergency situation for imposing a restriction on the freedom of movement in commercial establishments

Issuer:Prime Minister
Type:order
In force from:04.04.2020
In force until:10.05.2020
Translation published:04.04.2020

Order of the person in charge of emergency situation for imposing a restriction on the freedom of movement in commercial establishments

Passed 24.03.2020 No. 46
RT III, 24.03.2020, 7
Entry into force 27.03.2020

Amended by the following legal instruments (show)

PassedPublishedEntry into force
26.03.2020RT III, 26.03.2020, 527.03.2020
03.04.2020RT III, 03.04.2020, 604.04.2020

Due to the emergency situation declared by the Government of the Republic Order No. 76 “Declaration of an emergency situation in the administrative territory of the Republic of Estonia” of 12 March 2020, the person in charge of emergency situation decides:

1. Under § 31 (1) and (3) of the Emergency Act, a restriction on the freedom of movement and a prohibition on stay in shopping centres are imposed on persons because in crowded places the risk of the virus spreading is very high and therefore, in this current situation where a large number of people are infected, it is proportional to restrict the movement and gathering of people in said places. The restriction on the freedom of movement is necessary for the protection of the life and health of people and overriding public interest in order to prevent the spread of the virus causing the COVID-19 disease.
2. Provided the following establishments ensure the availability of disinfectants and supervision arranged by the possessors of the commercial premises over compliance with the requirement provided for in clause 3, the restriction provided for in clause 1 is not applied to the following stores located and services provided in shopping centres:
[RT III, 03.04.2020, 6 – entry into force 04.04.2020]
1) grocery stores;
2) pharmacies;
3) stores where technical aids and medical devices are sold or rented on the basis of technical aid card or medical device card;
4) bank offices;
5) points of sale of telecommunications companies;
6) parcel terminals;
7) catering establishments where food is not consumed on site but only sold as takeaway;
8) post offices:
1. Kambja post office;
2. Elva post office;
3. Lihula post office;
4. Mustla post office;
5. Sindi post office;
6. Võhma post office;
7. Kehra post office;
8. Keila post office;
9. Maardu post office;
10. Paldiski post office;
11. Jõhvi post office;
12. Kohtla-Järve post office;
13. Iidla post office;
14. Tapa post office;
15. Kunda post office;
16. Kohila post office.
[RT III, 26.03.2020, 5 – entry into force 27.03.2020]
21. The restriction provided for in clause 1 does not apply to the employees in and the owner or a representative of the owner of the area covered by the restriction on movement.
[RT III, 26.03.2020, 5 – entry into force 27.03.2020]
22. Under § 31 (1) and (3) of the Emergency Act, a prohibition on stay and a restriction on movement are imposed in sales areas and service providers’ service points used for trading (hereinafter collectively ‘sales area’) and in related public parts of buildings, whereby it is prohibited to enter a sales area if the possessor of the sales area has not ensured the availability of disinfectants in the sales area or has failed to inform customers of the locations of disinfectants, unless disinfectant is available at the sales area’s entrance or exit.
[RT III, 03.04.2020, 6 – entry into force 04.04.2020]
3. Under § 31 (3) of the Emergency Act, a restriction on movement is imposed in a sales area and a service provider’s service point used for trading and in a related public part of a building and at their entrances, whereby it is allowed to be there or walk around in groups of one or two people while keeping at least two metres of distance from others.
[RT III, 03.04.2020, 6 – entry into force 04.04.2020]
4. Under § 24 (2) of the Emergency Act, local authorities shall ensure compliance with the restriction on the freedom of movement provided for in clause 1 according to the conditions set out in this Order.
5. Under § 24 (2) of the Emergency Act, local authorities shall ensure that the residents and undertakings in the territory of their administrative units are notified of the restriction on the freedom of movement provided for in clause 1 and the local authorities shall suggest to the possessors of the parts of buildings referred to in clause 3 that they make disinfectants available in their sales areas.
[RT III, 03.04.2020, 6 – entry into force 04.04.2020]
6. Supervision over the measures provided for in clause 3 is exercised by the Police and Border Guard Board.
7. The measures established by this Order shall apply until this Order is changed and the need for these measures shall be assessed no later than after every two weeks.
8. Broadcasters shall publish the Order promptly in unaltered form and free of charge.
9. This Order takes effect on 27 March 2020.

Failure to duly comply with measures of emergency situation will prompt the application of the administrative coercive measures set out in § 28 (2) or (3) of the Law Enforcement Act. According to § 47 of the Emergency Act, the amount of penalty payment is 2000 euros.
The reasons and considerations are set out in the explanatory memorandum to the Order, which will be published on the website of the Government of the Republic.
This Order can be appealed against by filing a challenge pursuant to the procedure provided by the Administrative Procedure Act within 30 days as of the day the relevant person became or should have become aware of the Order. This Order can also be appealed against by filing an action with the administrative court pursuant to the procedure provided for in the Code of Administrative Court Procedure within 30 days as of the day of announcement of this Order.

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