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Measures and Restrictions Necessary for Preventing Spread of COVID-19

Issuer:Government
Type:order
In force from:03.04.2022
In force until:06.04.2022
Translation published:04.04.2022

Measures and Restrictions Necessary for Preventing Spread of COVID-19

Passed 23.08.2021 No. 305
RT III, 23.08.2021, 1
Entry into force 26.08.2021

Amended by the following legal instruments (show)

PassedPublishedEntry into force
09.09.2021RT III, 10.09.2021, 115.09.2021
24.09.2021RT III, 24.09.2021, 127.09.2021
24.09.2021RT III, 24.09.2021, 327.09.2021
15.10.2021RT III, 15.10.2021, 318.10.2021
21.10.2021RT III, 21.10.2021, 225.10.2021
28.10.2021RT III, 28.10.2021, 229.10.2021, in part 01.11.2021
02.11.2021RT III, 02.11.2021, 1003.11.2021
11.11.2021RT III, 12.11.2021, 315.11.2021
30.11.2021RT III, 01.12.2021, 201.12.2021, in part 16.12.2021
13.12.2021RT III, 14.12.2021, 116.12.2021, in part 07.01.2022
16.12.2021RT III, 17.12.2021, 220.12.2021, in part 03.01.2022
23.12.2021RT III, 28.12.2021, 201.02.2022
06.01.2022RT III, 07.01.2022, 110.01.2022
20.01.2022RT III, 21.01.2022, 324.01.2022
27.01.2022RT III, 28.01.2022, 101.02.2022
04.02.2022RT III, 04.02.2022, 207.02.2022, in part 14.02.2022
08.02.2022RT III, 08.02.2022, 109.02.2022
10.02.2022RT III, 10.02.2022, 214.02.2022
15.02.2022RT III, 15.02.2022, 1016.02.2022
14.03.2022RT III, 14.03.2022, 115.03.2022
15.03.2022RT III, 15.03.2022, 316.03.2022
31.03.2022RT III, 31.03.2022, 101.04.2022
02.04.2022RT III, 02.04.2022, 103.04.2022

On the basis of subsection 3 of § 27 of the Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Act and considering the provisions of clauses 1 and 2 of subsection 1 of § 27 thereof and on the basis of clauses 1 through 3 and 5 of subsection 2 of § 28 and subsections 3, 5 and 6 of § 28 of the Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Act and considering subsection 8 of the same section and subsection 1 of § 452 thereof and on the basis of clause 1 of subsection 1 of § 17 of the State Borders Act and subsections 2 and 3 of § 3 of Government of the Republic Regulation No 54 ‘Conditions of and Procedure for Involvement of Law Enforcement Agency in Performance of Functions of Health Board’ of 27 May 2021:

Part I
Measures and Restrictions Pertaining to Crossing of State Border

1. A person who has crossed the state border for the purpose of entering Estonia must remain in their place of residence or permanent place of stay for 7 calendar days after arrival in Estonia.

2. Notwithstanding the country of departure, the requirement set out in clause 1 to remain in one’s place of residence or permanent place of stay does not apply to a person:
1) who is up to 12 years of age;
2) who has recovered from COVID-19 and no more than 180 days have passed since the SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR test confirming the diagnosis was carried out by a health care provider or a SARS-CoV-2 antigen RTD test was carried out (hereinafter collectively SARS-CoV-2 test) or since the date of confirmation of the diagnosis;
3) who has completed the vaccination series for COVID-19, has developed full protection after the last dose of vaccine and no more than 270 days have passed since the last dose of vaccine;
31) who is up to 18 years of age and has completed the vaccination series for COVID-19, has developed full protection after the last dose of vaccine and no more than one year and three months have passed since the last dose of vaccine;
[RT III, 08.02.2022, 1 – entry into force 09.02.2022]
4) who has completed the vaccination series for COVID-19, has developed full protection and after the completion of the series has received an additional dose of vaccine and no more than one year has passed since the additional dose of vaccine;
41) who was tested by a health care provider up to 48 hours before arrival in Estonia or immediately after arrival in Estonia with a SARS-CoV-2 test which produced a negative result. Until the test has come back negative the person is required to remain in their place of residence or permanent place of stay. If according to this sub-clause a health care provider tested a person with a SARS-CoV-2 antigen RTD test and it came back positive but the person was promptly re-tested with a SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR test which came back negative, the result of the SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR test will be the one that counts.
[RT III, 31.03.2022, 1 – entry into force 01.04.2022]
5) who has been given one dose of vaccine after recovering from COVID-19 and has developed full protection after the dose of vaccine and no more than 270 days have passed since the last dose of vaccine, or, after the first dose of vaccine, has contracted COVID-19 and has recovered from COVID-19 and no more than 270 days have passed since the SARS-CoV-2 test confirming the diagnosis was carried out or since the date of confirmation of the diagnosis (hereinafter person considered equal to a vaccinated person). If a person contracts COVID-19 within two weeks after the first dose of vaccine, the person will be subject to the provisions of sub-clause 2) applicable to recovered persons;
[RT III, 08.02.2022, 1 – entry into force 09.02.2022]
6) [repealed – RT III, 15.03.2022, 3 – entry into force 16.03.2022]
7) whose vaccination and testing are not possible by a decision of a physician, considering the person’s state of health;
8) who is an employee of a diplomatic mission or a consular post of a foreign country or the Republic of Estonia or their family member or a holder of an Estonian diplomatic passport;
9) who arrives in the Republic of Estonia in the framework of international military cooperation;
10) who is a member of a foreign delegation arriving in the Republic of Estonia for the performance of duties on the invitation of a state or local authority;
11) who is directly involved in transporting goods and raw products, including loading of goods or raw products, and who arrives in Estonia for the performance of duties;
12) who is directly involved in international carriage of goods and passengers, including a crew member and a ship’s crew member servicing an international means of transport and a person performing repairs or warranty or maintenance work on such a means of transport, and who arrives in Estonia for the performance of duties;
13) whose purpose for arriving in the Republic of Estonia is directly related to the provision of passenger transport services and who is servicing travel groups;
14) who arrives in Estonia for the purpose of providing health services or services indispensable for responding to a health emergency related to COVID-19;
15) who is a patient travelling for good medical reasons;
16) whose purpose for arriving in the Republic of Estonia is related to ensuring the continuity of a vital service;
17) who is using the territory of the Republic of Estonia for immediate transit.
18) [repealed – RT III, 31.03.2022, 1 – entry into force 01.04.2022]
19) [repealed – RT III, 31.03.2022, 1 – entry into force 01.04.2022]

3. The requirement set out in clause 1 does not apply to a person who does not meet the conditions provided for in clause 2:
1) where the person arrives in Estonia from a Member State of the European Union or an EEA country, the Swiss Confederation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Principality of Andorra, the Principality of Monaco, the Republic of San Marino or the Vatican City State (Holy See);
2) if the person is up to and including 18 years of age or attains the age of 19 years during the academic year 2021/2022 and takes part in schooling and education activities carried out in a general education school, a vocational educational institution or a hobby school or in activities or hobby activities carried out in a youth work agency.
[RT III, 31.03.2022, 1 – entry into force 01.04.2022]

4. [Repealed – RT III, 31.03.2022, 1 – entry into force 01.04.2022]

5. The time when the full protection referred to in sub-clauses 3) and 4) of clause 2 is developed is, according to the manufacturers, 7 calendar days after the second dose of vaccine for Pfizer/BioNTech Vaccine Comirnaty, 14 calendar days after the second dose of vaccine for AstraZeneca Vaccine Vaxzevria and Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine, and 14 calendar days after one dose of vaccine for Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine. For other COVID-19 vaccines not mentioned in this clause, the specific manufacturer’s instructions for full protection must be followed. Full protection for recovered persons vaccinated with one dose is deemed to have been developed at the times stated in this clause.

6. A person subject to the prohibition on leaving their place of residence or permanent place of stay as referred to in clause 1 may leave their place of residence or permanent place of stay provided the person takes measures imposed by the Government of the Republic or the Health Board and all other possible measures for preventing the spread of the communicable disease and the following circumstances occur:
1) the person is given an order by a health care professional or a police officer to leave their place of residence or permanent place of stay;
2) the person leaves their place of residence or permanent place of stay because a health care professional has referred them to receive health services or in the event of an emergency that puts the person’s life or health at risk;
3) [repealed – RT III, 31.03.2022, 1 – entry into force 01.04.2022]
4) [repealed – RT III, 31.03.2022, 1 – entry into force 01.04.2022]
5) [repealed – RT III, 31.03.2022, 1 – entry into force 01.04.2022]
6) the person is getting the everyday essentials near their place of residence or place of stay because it is otherwise impossible;
7) the person is outdoors and completely avoids contact with other persons.
8) [repealed – RT III, 31.03.2022, 1 – entry into force 01.04.2022]
 

Part II
National Measures and Restrictions 
[Repealed – RT III, 02.04.2022, 1 – entry into force 03.04.2022]

Part III
Restrictions and Measures Pertaining to Organisation of Controlled Activities 
[Repealed – RT III, 02.04.2022, 1 – entry into force 03.04.2022]

Part IV
Implementing Provisions

18. Supervision over the requirements imposed by this Order is exercised by the Health Board, involving another law enforcement agency by way of professional assistance or in another manner provided by law, where necessary.

19. The measures and restrictions established by this Order apply until the date specified in this Order or until this Order is changed or repealed under clause 4 of subsection 1 and clause 3 of subsection 2 of § 53 and clause 1 of subsection 2 of § 66 of the Administrative Procedure Act and the need for these measures and restrictions will be reviewed no later than after every two weeks.

20.–23. [Omitted from this text.]

24. This Order takes effect on 26 August 2021.

25. This Order is to be published in the official gazette Riigi Teataja and on the website kriis.ee.

For the protection of the life and health of people and overriding public interest, including for the protection of the continuity of the state, this Order imposes indispensable measures and restrictions for preventing the spread of the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 causing COVID-19.

§ 28 (1) of the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia (hereinafter the Constitution) provides for everyone’s right to protection of his or her health. In this case the fundamental right protects different values. Firstly, the scope of protection includes people’s right to protection of their health by having the state do everything in its power to stop the spread of the virus. Also covered by the scope of protection is public interest in avoiding increased spread of the virus and mass infections as well as overload of the health care system. In a situation where contact with other people poses a great risk of the virus spreading the state has an obligation to minimise the risk of infection, which also means that, for the purpose of achieving this objective, contact between people may be restricted in an appropriate manner.

The Constitution provides for rights and freedoms that the state is also required to ensure. The state may circumscribe the rights and freedoms set out in the Constitution considering the nature of the right or freedom in question and the conditions arising from the Constitution itself. For instance, under § 34 of the Constitution everyone whose presence in Estonian territory is lawful has the right to move freely in that territory and to choose freely where to reside. The right to move freely may be circumscribed in cases and pursuant to the procedure provided by law for the purpose of protecting the rights and freedoms of others and preventing the spread of a communicable disease, among others.

It is justified to apply certain restrictions for preventing the spread of the virus causing COVID-19. Setting restrictions on rights and freedoms requires a fair balance between the objective sought by the restriction and the scope and effect of the restriction. Whereas, it is important to consider how can people, in the long run, exercise their other fundamental rights, such as right to liberty of movement and to engage in enterprise, if the virus that causes COVID-19 is not contained in Estonia and health care institutions are overloaded and health workers are overworked. Proportional restrictions necessary for stopping the virus are justified by the above compelling objectives.

Under § 28 (2), (5) and (6) of the Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Actand considering § 28 (8) thereof, the Government of the Republic may take measures for preventing communicable diseases when the application of measures and restrictions for the prevention of an epidemic spread of communicable diseases has a significant effect on society or economy. The following preconditions must be met: it is an extremely dangerous communicable disease or a dangerous novel communicable disease; the Health Board has given the Government of the Republic information and a recommendation on a measure (obligation or restriction) on the basis of epidemiological, laboratory and clinical information; the measure is absolutely necessary for preventing the spread of the virus or in other words the requirement must be proportional and rational; the measure is temporary or in other words limited in time and it brings about a significant social or economic effect.

This Order imposes measures and restrictions for preventing and stopping the spread of COVID-19 caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, which serve the purpose of reducing contact between people and preventing the spread of the virus.

This Order introduces the following fundamental changes compared to the measures and restrictions in force thus far:

According to the Order, as of 26 August 2021 the requirement to wear a mask will extend to all public indoor spaces where COVID-19 certificates are not checked. A mask will have to be worn in trade and provision of services, for instance at the bank, post office or hairdresser’s or upon the provision of services related to telecommunications. Likewise, a mask will have to be worn when getting takeaway at a food establishment.

Moreover, in public spaces where people need to prove their COVID-19 safety, the provision of a COVID-19 certificate will have to be required of all customers or participants regardless of the number of people. The Order sets out exceptions as to people who need not present a COVID-19 certificate, such as children under 18 years of age. This means that a COVID-19 certificate must be presented when engaging in sports, training, youth work, hobby activities and hobby education, refresher training; at sports competitions and sports and exercise events; at saunas, spas, water parks and swimming pools; at public meetings and events, including theatre, film screenings, concerts, conferences; at museums and exhibition facilities; for entertainment services; and when having a meal or a drink at the premises of a food establishment.

COVID-19 certificates need not be checked at outdoor events where the territory is not confined.

COVID-19 certificates need not be produced at shopping centres or stores. Also, people need not prove that they are not infectious when getting takeaway at a restaurant or a café. However, as mentioned above, a mask will have to be worn at said places or in said cases.

Establishment of the restrictions by the Order is based on the fact that COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 is an infectious disease that spreads from one person to another by way of droplet infection, primarily upon close contact with an infectious person. The virus can be contracted when in close contact with an infected person, by inhaling particles of the virus1 or through contaminated surfaces or, for example, contaminated hands.

The virus can spread in poorly ventilated and/or crowded indoor settings, where people tend to spend longer periods of time. The risk of becoming infected with SARS-CoV-2 is also present outdoors where close contact with a lot of people takes place.

Compared to previous weeks the spread of the coronavirus has significantly increased and the Delta variant has assumed the position of the dominant variant. The Delta variant spreads 60% more effectively than the Alpha variant, this means easier secondary and tertiary transmissions and the latent period is also shorter. Current data has shown that the level of immunity developed after a single dose of vaccine (for 2-dose vaccines) is about17% less effective against the Delta variant compared to the Alpha variant dominant thus far2. However, in respect to immunity developed after completion of the vaccination series the efficiency of the vaccine is about10% lower.

There has been no noticeable reduction of responsiveness as to immunity developed after completion of the vaccination series. Considering that as per 19 August 2021 45.57% of the population have completed their vaccination series, the effect of vaccination is not yet sufficient to prevent possible increased morbidity caused by the Delta variant.

This Order has been drawn up considering the fact that the intensity of morbidity is high throughout Estonia. On 19 August 2021, the ratio of positive tests from the last 14 days to 100,000 inhabitants was 278.41 and the average rate of positive tests from the last 7 days was 277.

On 23 July 2021, the ratio of positive tests from the last 14 days to 100,000 inhabitants was 65.46 and the average rate of positive tests from the last 7 days was 75. On 7 July 2021 said figures were 31.83 and 32; on 21 June 2021 49.81 and 40; and on 16 June 2021 64.11 and 49. Therefore, 14-day morbidity per 100,000 population is high in Estonia and the growth rate of new cases is still on the rise. Figures concerning hospital capacity and the health care system are moderate and stable.

The Order is imposed in consideration of the Estonian level of vaccination for COVID-193 and its planned progress in the coming weeks. As per 19 August 2021, 70.07% of people 60 years of age and older are covered by vaccination. 605,586 people (45.57% of the population) have completed their vaccination series.

14-day morbidity per 100,000 population is high in Estonia and the growth rate of new cases is on the rise. Figures concerning hospital capacity and the health care system are moderate. When changing the restrictions and measures the risk of infection must be assessed as high, which makes it justified to continue with all the current restrictions and measures and to impose additional restrictions compared to the current restrictions and measures.

The Delta mutation of the coronavirus has been the dominant one in Estonia as of week 26 (percentage: 33% in week 25, 67% in week 26, 92% in week 28 and 95% in week 29, 94% in week 30 and 98% in week 32).

During week 32, a total of 1942 new cases were registered. Compared to week 31, the number of new cases was 31.9% higher. During week 32, a total of 39,715 tests were analysed (2993 tests per 100,000 population), which is 35.4% more than in week 31. Out of all the tests 4.9% produced a positive result (5.0% in week 31).

The highest percentage of positive tests can be seen in Jõgeva County (11.0%), Põlva County (11.0%), Valga County (10.4%) and Võru County (10.2%). According to the genotyping data from week 32 the percentage of the Delta variant is 98%. In addition, in week 32 sequencing identified two people infected with the Gamma variant and two with the Alpha variant. In both cases one identified case had been imported. In Estonia, the Delta variant is spreading persistently within the country.

20,281 people who filled in the traveller’s questionnaire arrived in Estonia in week 32 (19,266 in week 31):
From Latvia – 3196 people (2695 in week 31), from Russia – 2400 people (1660 in week 31), from Germany – 1713 people (2012 in week 31), from Italy – 1256 people (1279 in week 31), from Turkey – 1214 people (1395 in week 31). Imported cases recorded in week 32 amounted to 130, accounting for 6.7% of the total number of cases and 7.1% of cases for which information about the location of contracting the infection is available. The imported cases of week 32 are related to travelling in 24 countries. The majority of cases are related to travelling to Turkey, Finland and Russia.

The infection coefficient is 1.2 across Estonia (last week 1.2); it has remained on the same level compared to week 31. Compared to the status on 9 August 2021 the infection coefficient has significantly increased in the eastern region (1,1 → 1,35) because the number of cases has increased by 43% against the background of low number of infected people. The southern region’s infection coefficient has not changed (R=1.3).

14-day morbidity has grown higher in all counties except for Ida-Viru County where it has slightly fallen. The highest growth can be seen in Valga County (139.4%), Jõgeva County (136.8%) and Saare County (90.9%). The regions with the highest infection rates are Võru County (477.2/100,000 population), Põlva County (446.3/100,000 population), Pärnu County (385.2/100,000 population), Tartu County (341.8/100,000 population), Jõgeva County (316.4/100,000 population) and Rapla County (303.5/100,000 population). The age group becoming infected has shifted from young adults to middle-aged and older people and the infection has mostly spread within family (36%). Considering the present level of the infection coefficient the Health Board estimates about20% increase in the number of infected people in week 33, meaningabout 2300 infected people a week and 300 to 400 infected people a day.

Considering the increase in the spread of the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 across Estonia at the time this Order is issued, application of restrictions and measures in an altered form and continuation with other restrictions and measures that are not changed by this Order are an efficient and proportional measure for the protection of the life and health of people and for ensuring public health and the continuity of the health care system.

Under § 11 of the Constitution, rights and freedoms may only be circumscribed in accordance with the Constitution. Such circumscription must be necessary in a democratic society and may not distort the nature of the rights and freedoms circumscribed. The principle of proportionality arises from the second sentence of § 11 of the Constitution, according to which circumscription of rights and freedoms must be necessary in a democratic society. In this instance, the imposition of the restrictions and measures is in public interests and the restrictions and measures are imposed throughout the state. According to § 31 of the Constitution, Estonian citizens have the right to engage in enterprise and to form for-profit undertakings and organisations. Conditions and procedures for the exercise of this right may be provided by a law. The scope of protection of the freedom of enterprise as right to liberty is infringed when the public authority adversely affects this freedom.

The second sentence of § 31 of the Constitution gives the legislator authority to restrict the freedom of enterprise by the Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Act. Any reasonable justification is sufficient for restricting the freedom of enterprise. This justification must be based on public interest or the need to protect the rights and freedoms of others, it must carry weight and it must naturally be lawful. Considering that the basis for restricting this freedom arises from the law and there is a legitimate and justified situation arising from public interest and the need to protect the rights and freedoms of others, the imposition of the restrictions and measures provided for in this Order is lawful.

The restrictions and measures imposed by the Order serve the purpose of limiting the spread of the coronavirus and the number of people getting infected and ensuring the continuity of the vital functions of the state. The restrictions and measures provided for in the Order have been carefully considered and it has been decided in favour of those that are more efficient than their alternatives in the context of the current spread of the infection based on currently available information. It has also been assessed that said measures and restrictions are fair and proportional in interaction of various fundamental rights and freedoms (e.g. §§ 12, 16, 19, 28, 31, 34, 37, 40 and 47 of the Constitution). This means that the measures and restrictions as a whole affect all people for the purpose of public interest (protection of the life and health of people, continuity of the state).

Continuity involves a risk where a large number of people, e.g. medical staff, police officers, rescue workers, social workers, judges, teachers, state officials and members of the parliament falling ill has a perceivable effect on the availability of public services and the legal order of the state. When restrictions and measures are imposed, it is weighed for each area what is the fair balance between the protection of life, health and continuity of the state and the rights and freedoms circumscribed.

For instance, according to § 47 of the Constitution, everyone has the right to assemble peacefully and to conduct meetings without prior permission. This right may be circumscribed in the cases and pursuant to a procedure provided by law to safeguard national security, maintain public order, uphold public morality, ensure the safety of traffic and the safety of participants of the meeting, or to prevent the spread of an infectious disease. So, the right provided for in § 47 of the Constitution is also not an absolute right. The reason why § 47 of the Constitution specifically refers to the prevention of the spread of an infectious disease is that infectious diseases spread among people when people get together. Therefore, one of the most important and main measures of preventing the spread of infectious diseases in stopping the spread of an infection is to restrict interaction between people.

The reasons for the measures and restrictions are set out in the Order and the explanatory memorandum to the Order.

Under § 44 (1) of the Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Act, supervision over the requirements imposed by this Order is exercised by the Health Board. Failure to duly comply with measures for preventing the spread of the virus will prompt the application of the administrative coercive measures set out in § 28 (2) or (3) of the Law Enforcement Act. The maximum amount of non-compliance levy is 9600 euros. This non-compliance levy, which serves the purpose of enforcing the requirements, measures and restrictions imposed by this Order and preventing the spread of the virus, may be imposed repeatedly.

This Order can be appealed against by filing a challenge with the Government of the Republic pursuant to the procedure provided by the Administrative Procedure Act within 30 days as of the day the relevant person became or should have become aware of the Order. This Order can also be appealed against by filing an action with the administrative court pursuant to the procedure provided for in the Code of Administrative Court Procedure within 30 days as of the day of announcement of this Order.

The explanatory memorandum to the Order is available on the website kriis.ee.

1 https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/coronavirus-disease-covid-19-how-is-it-transmitted
2 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/993879/Variants_of_Concern_VOC_Technical_Briefing_15.pdf
3 Estonia considers the recommended level of vaccination against COVID-19 to be 70% of the population. Should new strains of the virus that spread faster or are resistant to vaccines emerge, said required percentage may prove higher. https://www.terviseamet.ee/et/koroonaviirus/koroonakaart.

_________________________

Reasons for the amendments made by the Government of the Republic Order No. 108 of 2 April 2022

This Order amends Government of the Republic Order No. 305 ‘Measures and Restrictions Necessary for Preventing Spread of COVID-19’ of 23 August 2021 and repeals Parts II and III of the Order that, for the purpose of preventing the spread of COVID-19, provided an obligation to wear a protective mask and to ensure the availability of disinfectants and compliance with the disinfection requirements in public indoor spaces, and physical distancing in public indoor spaces and also in outdoor settings when carrying out the activities set out in clause10. Along with that, also the exceptions related to these obligations and provisions that specify implementation thereof are repealed.

The amendment to the Order is based a the decision adopted at the Cabinet meeting on 31 March 2022 to lift the above requirements immediately once the risk matrix reaches yellow. Consequently, with this Order the Government of the Republic specifies the established restrictions and measures to ensure the proportionality of the measures considering the symptoms of the dominating Omicron variant, the spread of the infection and the goal to ensure, above all, the continuity of the health care system and hospitals in the context of the treatment load by COVID-19 patients. According to the risk matrix updated on 20 January 2022, yellow means that the 7-day incidence rate ranges between 500 and 1500 people and at the same time the number of persons hospitalised during the past 7 days ranges between 10 and 30. These conditions are now met.

Although physical distancing, wearing a protective mask and complying with disinfection requirements are no longer generally mandatory, they are still effective measures for preventing the spread of COVID-19 and therefore they remain recommended. The World Health Organization (WHO) also recommends wearing masks as part of a comprehensive package for preventing SARS-CoV-2 and limiting its spread. It means that wearing masks should be accompanied by other health and social measures such as hand hygiene, isolation, physical distancing.

This Order takes effect on the day following its passing.

This Order can be appealed against by filing a challenge with the Government of the Republic pursuant to the procedure provided by the Administrative Procedure Act within 30 days as of the day the relevant person became or should have become aware of the Order. This Order can also be appealed against by filing an action with the administrative court pursuant to the procedure provided for in the Code of Administrative Court Procedure within 30 days as of the day of announcement of this Order.

The explanatory memorandum to the Order is available on the website kriis.ee.

https://www.riigiteataja.ee/otsingu_soovitused.json